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Arch hist (e2)


Acroterion (acroterium) An upright ornament placed at the apex and eaves of gabled roofs in Greek architecture
Aisle a passage way between rows of seats
Amphitheater an arena with raked seating arranged around a circular or oval floor
Annular vaults vaults making a ring shape
Apollodorus of Damascus a greek architect designed Forum of Trajan
Apse the termination of the nave of a basilica or the choir in a basilican church
Aqueduct a pipe for conducting water under gravity flow. Their term is often applied to the arched structure built to support the pipe across valleys
Arena a level area with seating around for spectators
Barrel vault a semicircular vault over a rectangular space
Basilica Literally, "king's hall." In Roman architecture, a hall used for public administration. The term generally refers to a rectangular building that has a central section with a higher roof (the nave if a church) flanked by lower aisles on both long sides.
Basilica A semicircular projection, the apse, was often set at one or both of the shorter ends.
Basilica Early Chirstians adapted the form as a basis for church design, replacing one apse with the main entrace and establishing a processional axis the length of the building. The alter was placed in the apse at the end.
Brick stamps words in bricks
Caldarium the hot or sweating bath chamber in Roman baths or thermae
Cavea the subterranean cells in which wild animals were confined before the combats in the Roman arena or amphitheatre
Cella the shrine room in the center of a temple
Centering the wooden scaffold or form required to support a masonry vault or arch while under construction
Chamber tomb a tomb for burial
Clerestory windows placed high in a wall, generally above lower roof elements
Coffer ceiling recesses set in a geometric pattern
Columns in classical architecture, the upright structural element consisting of a base, shaft, and capital
Concrete a plastic building material consisting of sand, water, cement, and aggregate, which hardens to a stone-like consistency
Constantine Roman Emperor from 306 to 337. Best known for being the first Christian Roman emperor; proclaimed religious tolerance of Christians throughout the empire.
Cross vault (groin vault) the vault formed by two intersecting barrel vaults.
Curia a subdivision of the people
Diocletian a Roman Emperor from 284 to 305.; persecution of Christians
Dome a continuously curved roof over a polygonal or circular plan, generally having a semicircular or elliptical section
Engaged column column integrated with the wall
Etruria a region of Central Italy, located in an area that covered part of what now are Tuscany, Latium, Emilia-Romagna and Umbria.
Exedra a semicircular niche, often used as a seat of honor or place for a statue
Forum (plural=fora) a public square or market used for judicial and other business
Forum Romanum part of the centralised area around which the ancient Roman civilization developed.
Frigidarium the cold-water baths in a Roman themae
Hemicycle a semicircular room or recess
Hypocaust a hallow space under the floor of an ancient Roman building, into which hot air was sent for heating a room or bath
Hypogeum an underground chamber
Imperial Fora consist of a series of monumental fora (public squares), constructed in Rome over a period of one and half centuries, between 46 BC and 113 AD.
Keystone the central voussoir of an arch
Latium an ancient region in west central Italy, inhabited by Latini people
Nave the western arm of a basilican church
Necropolis a cemetery usually a large one belonging to a city
Opus incertum Roman walls built of irregularly shaped stones facing a concrete core
Opus quadratum a Roman wall built of squared masonry
Podium a small platform on which a person can stand to be seen by an audience
Pozzolana a volcanic ash containing silicon and aluminum, which will harden as a cement when ground fine and mixed with lime and water
Pronaous the vestibule or antechamber to the shrine room (naos) of a Greek temple
Pseudoperipteral a building with free standing columns in the front (colonnaded portico), but the columns along the sides are engaged in the peripheral walls of the building.
Pumice a very light and porous volcanic rock formed when a gas-rich froth of a gassy lava solidifies rapidly
radial vaults vaults that extend from a center point?
Relieving arch an arch which encloses an arch or a window or other opening. It helps relieve some of the weight on the arch of the opening.
Spandrel a wall surface, ornamented or unornamented, between major architectural elements such as windows or arches
Stadium of Domitian located to the north of the Campus Martius in Rome, Italy. The Stadium was commissioned around 80 AD by the Emperor Titus Flavius Domitianus as a gift to the people of Rome, and was used mostly for athletic contests.
Stucco fine plaster used for coating wall surfaces or molding into architectural decoration
Taberna (shop) a single room shop covered by a barrel vault within great indoor markets of ancient Rome.
Triumphal arch In Roman architecture, a gateway structure, with one or three arched openings, built to celebrate the return of a conquering army
Tuscan "Doric" An order based on Etruscan architecture, employing unfluted columns and simplified capital
Velarium a large awning of a type used in ancient Rome to cover a theater or amphitheater as protection against the weather
Vitruvius Roman architect and military engineer
Voissoir A wedge-shapped masonry unit set to form an arch
Volcanic tuff a type of rock consisting of consolidated volcanic ash ejected from vents during a volcanic eruption.
Created by: MarieB