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Chabner Ch11 MedTerm

Cardiovascular System - Medical Terminology

angiogram Record (x-ray) of a blood vessel
angioplasty Surgical repair of a blood vessel
aortic stenosis Narrowing of the aorta
arteriosclerosis Hardening of arteries
arterial anastomosis Surgical connection between arteries
arteriography Process of recording (x-ray) arteries after injecting contrast material
endarterectomy Removal of the inner lining of the artery (when it is filled with plaque)
atheroma Collection of fatty material in an artery
atherosclerosis Hardening of arteries with deposit of fatty substance
atherectomy Removal of a fatty mass in a vessel
atrial Pertaining to an upper chamber of the heart
atrioventricular Pertaining to an atrium and ventricle (upper and lower chambers of the heart)
brachial artery Artery that branches from the aorta to bring blood to the arm
cardiomegaly Enlargement of the heart
cardiomyopathy Disease of heart muscle
bradycardia Condition of slow heartbeat
tachycardia Condition of fast heartbeat
cardiogenic shock Results from the heart's failure to pump
hypercholesterolemia Condition of excessive cholesterol in the blood
coronary arteries Arteries branch from the aorta to bring oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle
cyanosis Abnormal condition of bluish discoloration due to poor oxygenation of blood
myxoma Benign tumor of the heart (myx/o = mucus)
The tumor is embedded in soft mucoid stromal tissue
hypoxia Condition of decreased oxygen in inspired air; as occurs in high altitudes
pericardiocentesis Surgical puncture of the membrane surrounding the heart (to remove fluid)
phlebotomy Incision of a vein
thrombophlebitis Inflammation of a vein with clots
sphygmomanometer Instrument to measure blood pressure
stethoscope Instrument to examine the chest
thrombolysis Destruction of clots
valvuloplasty Surgical repair of a valve (within the heart)
mitral valvulitis Inflammation of the mitral valve
valvotomy Incision of a valve
vasoconstriction Narrowing of vessels
vasodilation Widening of vessels
vascular Pertaining to blood vessels
venous Pertaining to veins
venipuncture Incision of a vein for phlebotomy or to start an intravenous infusion
interventricular septum The wall separating the ventricles of the heart (lower chambers)
Created by: mahepath