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IV Fluid Classes

Intravenous Fluids Classifications

Hypertonic Solutions 10% Glucose and Water, Dextrose 5% in 0.45 normal saline, Dextrose 5% in ringers lactacte, Dextrose > 5%
Isotonic Solutions Ringers Lactate Normal Salane Dextrose 5% in 0.2% NS Dextrose 5% in water Dextrose 10% 0.9% NS
Hypotonic Water %5 Dextrose in Water
Sodium 136 to 146 MEQ/L (newborn) 139 to 146 MEQ/L (infant) 135 to 148 MEQ/L (child) 135 to 146 MEQ/L (adult)
Hypertonic Fluids Water loss is greater than sodium loss.
Hypotonic Fluids Sodium loss is greater than water loss
Isotonic Fluids Sodium loss and Water loss are equal
What is Aldosterone? An adrenal secreted substance that retains sodium in the body by limiting sodium excretion.
What does ADH do? Retains water in the body to regulate fluids.
Isotonic Fluids do Increase blood volume, replace losses from vomiting and diarrhea and replace fluids lost in cells
Created by: wfawcett