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Chabner Ch10 MedTerm

Nervous System- Med Terminology

cerebella Pertaining to the cerebellum
cerebrospinal fluid Fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord and is located within the ventricles of the brain
cerebral cortex The outer region (gray matter) of the cerebrum
subdural hematoma Collection of blood under the dura mater (outermost layer of the meninges)
epidural hematoma Collection of blood above the dura mater
encephalitis Inflammation of the brain
encephalopathy Any disease of the brain
anencephaly Condition of no brain (congenital anomaly)
glioblastoma Tumor (malignant) of glial (neuroglial or supportive) cells in the brain
leptomeningeal Pertaining to the pia mater and arachnoid membranes of the meninges
meningeal Pertaining to the meninges
meningioma Tumor of the meninges
myelomeningocele Hernia of the spinal cord and meninges; associated with spine bifida
myoneural Pertaining to muscle and nerve
myelogram Record (x-ray) of the spinal cord
poliomyelitis Inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord
neuropathy Disease of nerves
polyneuritis Inflammation of many (spinal) nerves, causing paralysis, pain, and wasting of muscles
 Guillain-Barré syndrome (sequela of certain viral infections with paresthesias and muscular weakness) is an example
cerebellopontine Pertaining to the cerebellum and the pons
radiculopathy Disease of the spinal nerve roots
radiculitis Inflammation of nerve roots
thalamic Pertaining to the thalamus
intrathecal injection Placement of substances (medications) into the subarachnoid space
vagal Pertaining to the vagus (10th cranial) nerve
analgesia Condition of no sensation of pain (usually accompanied by sedation without loss of consciousness)
hypalgesia Diminished sensation to pain
neuralgia Nerve pain
cephalgia Headache (head pain)
causalgia Burning sensation of pain (in the skin); usually following injury to sensory fibers  of a peripheral nerve
comatose In a state of coma (profound unconsciousness from which one cannot be roused; may be due to trauma, disease, or action of ingested toxic substance)
anesthesia Condition of no nervous sensation
hyperesthesia Excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli
paresthesia An abnormal sensation such as numbness, tingling, or pricking
bradykinesia Slowness of movement
hyperkinesis Condition of excessive movement (muscular activity)
dyskinesis Involuntary, spasmodic movements
akinetic Pertaining to without movements
epilepsy Chronic disorder marked by attacks of brain dysfunction due to excessive firing of nervous impulses
narcolepsy Sudden, uncontrollable episodes of sleep (seizure of sleep)
dyslexia Disorder of reading, writing, or learning (despite the ability to see and recognize letters)
hemiparesis Slight paralysis in either the right or the left half of the body
aphasia Condition of inability to speak
hemiplegia Paralysis in half of the body
paraplegia Paralysis in the lower portion of the body
quadriplegia Paralysis of all four limbs of the body
apraxia Inability to carry out familiar purposeful movements (in the absence of paralysis or sensory or motor impairment)
neurasthenia Condition of lack of nerve strength; nervous exhaustion and weakness
syncopal Pertaining to syncope (fainting)
ataxia No muscular coordination (often caused by cerebellar dysfunction)
Created by: mahepath