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Muscles 01

Striated (meaning striped) muscles respond to nerve signals from the ____ & the _____. the brain and also the heart.
Involuntary muscles are called nonstriated or smooth muscles.
Some muscles are attached directly to the_______of certain bones. periosteum.
A_______ is fibrous and_____-____. tendon, cord-like.
The aponeurosis is flat,______and______-____. white, ribbon-like.
Muscles receive their instructions for movement from the nerves.
proprioception-perception regarding________and _________of the body. movements and positions.
Muscles are part of the_______________system. musculoskeletal
There are over___skeletal muscles in the human body. 600
Three types of muscle tissue found throughout the human body: skeletal,smooth, and cardiac.
skeletal muscle – The_______muscle used to allow_________movement of the body, usually attached to the skeleton by_______. primary,voluntary,tendons
smooth muscle – The muscle that lines the walls of internal_______. This muscle is usually_____in its strands and allows for the movement of body fluids and waste through the internal______. organs, short, systems.
cardiac muscle – This type of muscle is found only in the heart.
rhomboideus – A muscle of the____, shaped like a________. back,rhomboid.
triangularis – A muscle of the____which is_________in shape. face, triangular.
triceps – A muscle with______(tri-) heads. three.
biceps – A muscle with___(bi-) heads. two.
pectoralis – Chest muscle located within the pectoral girdle.
intercostal – Muscle located between ribs (literally means between ribs).
abdominis – Located in the abdominal area.
zygomaticus – Attached to the(bone of the face) zygoma .
sternocleidomastoid – Attached to the_______,________,and_______ ________of the skull. sternum, clavicle, and mastoid process.
maximus or major – Both of these terms mean larger or largest.
minimus or minor – Meaning smaller or smallest.
longus – Meaning long.
brevis – Meaning short.
oblique – muscle extends in a_______ or _______direction. slanting or inclined
rectus – Meaning straight.
lateral – Something that is farther from the________or to the____. midpoint,side
medial – Something closer to the middle or the midline.
internal – Situated or occurring within or on the inside.
external – Situated or occurring on the outside.
Muscles are responsible for movement.
Muscles are often classified according to the actual movement that they produce.
adductor – Movement to draw toward a medial plane.
extensor – General term for a muscle that_______a joint. extends
flexor – General term for a muscle that______a joint. flexes
levator – A muscle that________or_____an organ or structure. elevates or lifts
anterior-Situated in front of or toward the front of a body part or organ.
Frontal is a common synonym for anterior.
coronal-Division of the body into anterior and posterior sections.
coronal-Can mean pertaining to the head or the crown.
distal- distant(Remote)
dorsal-pertaining to the back.
dorsal-Sometimes called posterior.
inferior-Situated below or directed downward.
inferior-Sometimes called caudal.
lateral-Pertaining to the side.
medial-Pertaining to the middle
posterior-Situated in the back
proximal- Near.
sagittal-Division of body into left and right sides in a vertical lengthwise fashion.
transverse-horizontal plane situated at right angles to the long axis.
ventral-Pertaining to the abdomen.
Created by: trinka