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AP HUG Vocab 2.0

Vocabulary for AP Human Geography from Chapter two

Agricultural Revolution The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied on hunting and gathering
Doubling time The estimated time it will take for a societies population to double
Natural increase rate growth percentage of a population, CBR-CDR
Census a complete enumeration of a population
Crude birth rate number of babies being born per 1000 people
Crude death rate number of deaths per 1000 people
Demographic transition The process of change in a societies population form high CBR and CDR to low CBR and CDR, and higher total population
Demography the study of human populations
Dependency Ratio The number of people under 14 and over 65 compared to those active in the work force
Ecumene the portion of earth's surface occupied by permanent human occupation
Epidemiological transition distinct causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition
Epidemiology Branch of medical science that concerns itself with incidence, distribution and control of human diseases
Industrial Revolution A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
Infant mortality Rate IMR-number of death of those under 1 for every 1000 live births
Life expectancy the average age someone can expect to live to when they are born
Medical Revolution when medical technologies from developed nations diffused into Latin America, Africa and Asia.
Overpopulation When the number of people in an area exceeds the environments carrying capacity
Pandemic disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects high proportions of the populations
Population pyramid a bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex
Sex Ratio the number of males per 100 females in population
Total Fertility Rate TFR-Average number of births per woman
Zero population growth ZPG-A decline of the TFR to the point that NIR reaches zero
Created by: omarwsow