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Com. Disorders

Speech Disorder Refers to difficulty in producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality or fluency of speech, often referred to as stuttering.
Language Disorder A difficulty in receiving, understanding, and formulating ideas and information.
Receptive Language Disorder Is characterized by difficulty in receiving or understanding information.
Expressive Language Disorder Is characterized in formulating ideas and information.
Cleft Palate or Lip Describes a condition is which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip.
Dialect Is a regional variation of a language, as when someone speaks English using terms or pronunciation common only in that region.
Speech Is the oral expression of language.
Language Is a structured, shared, rule-governed, symbolic system for communicating.
Phonology Is the use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words.
Phonemes Are individual speech sounds and how they are produced, depending on their placement in a syllable or word.
Morphology Is the system that governs the structure of words.
Morpheme Is the smallest meaningful unit of speech.
Syntax Provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences.
Semantics Refers to the meaning of what is expressed.
Pragmatics Refers to the use of communication in context.
Social Interaction Theories Emphazize that communication are learned through social interactions.
Articulation Is a speakers production of individual or sequenced sounds.
Substitutions Occur when a person substitutes one sound for another.
Omissions Occur when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word.
Additions Occur when students place a vowel between two consonants.
Distortions Are modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word.
Apraxia Is a motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
Pitch Is affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx, and the location larynx.
Duration Is the length of time any speech sound requires.
Intensity Is based on the perception of the listener and is determined by the air pressure coming from the lungs through the vocal folds.
Resonance Is determined by the way in which the tone coming from the vocal folds is modified by the spaces of the throat, mouth, and nose.
Hypernasality Is when air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds other than /m/, /n/, and /ng/.
Hyponasality Occurs because air can not pass through the nose and comes through the mouth instead.
Fluency Is the rate and rhythm of speaking.
Specific Language Impairments Describes a language disorder with no identifiable cause in a person with apparently normal development in all other areas.
Organic Disorders Are those caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person.
Functional Disorders Are those with no identifiable organic or neurological cause.
Congenital Disorder Is a disorder that occurs at or before birth.
Acquired Disorder Is a disorder that occurs well after birth.
Oral Motor Exam Is examination of the appearance, strength, and range of motion of the lips, tongue, pallet, teeth, and jaw.
Bilingual Refers to someone who uses two languages equally well.
Bi dialectical Refers to someone who uses two variations of a language.
System for Augmenting Language Focuses on augmented input of language.
Created by: candylvrg