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Commute Disorders

Disability for Students in Communication (Speech) Student: Melinda Yeh

Speech Disorder The difficulty of producing sounds and their voice qualities
Language Disorder Difficulty receiving, formulating, and understanding ideas and information.
Receptive Language Disorder Difficulty in receiving or understanding information.
Expressive Language Disorder Difficulty creating ideas and information.
Cleft Palate or Lip Condition where the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip has split.
Dialect A language variation where a group uses that reflects a shared regional, social or cultural area.
Language Structured, rule supported system for communication.
Phonology Use of sounds to create meaningful words and syllables.
Morphology System that develops the structure of words.
Morpheme Smallest unit of speech. Example: Bill is one morpheme.
Syntax Rules for putting together words in order to form sentences.
Semantics Meaning of what is expressed. Understanding meaning of words then using them in a sentence.
Pragmatics Use of communication n contexts.
Social Interaction Theories A theory that states that communication skills are learned through social interaction.
Articulation The production of a speakers' sequenced sounds, used in speech.
Substitutions When someone places another letter sound for another. Such as a child sounding /d/ instead of /th/.
Omissions Leaving phonemes out of a word.
Additions When someone places a vowel between two consonants.
Distortions Modification of a phoneme in a word. Example would be a lisp and when sounds are mispronounced.
Apraxia of Speech Motor speech disorder which affects the technique of someone trying to produce speech. (CAS)
Voice Disorders Quality of a voice that carries problems with breath support or vocal-fold functioning.
Pitch The projection of volume of sound, created by the tension and size of vocal folds.
Duration Length of time any sound is produced.
Intensity Loudness or softness of sound.
Resonance Quality of one's voice that comes from vocal folds modified by the spaces f mouth, throat, and nose.
Hypernasality A resonance trait where air is allowed to flow through the nasal cavity on certain sounds.
Hyponasality A resonance problem where they sound as if they have cold or are holding their nose. Air cannot pass through the nose and goes through the mouth instead.
Specific Language Impairment Trouble with speech that are receptive, expressive, or both.
Pragmatics Social use of language, communication between a speaker and a listener with similar social environment.
Organic Disorder Problems identified in the neuromuscular mechanism within a person.
Functional Disorder When problems cannot be found through organic or neurological causes.
Congenital Disorder Problems that occur at or before birth.
Acquired Disorder Problems that occur a while after birth.
Voice Evaluation Information about environmental factors that might affect vocal quality and voice use.
Fluency Evaluation Type and duration of speech is tested.
Bilingual Ability to use two languages successfully.
Bidialectal Variations of language in use.
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) Instructional strategy that has been effective in inputting language in communication interactions.
Created by: ElaiKero