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7th ch 3&4 ss

7th gr ch 3 & 4 vocabulary

discrimination unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group
segregation: the social separation of the races
civil rights: the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law
affirmative action: programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
racial profiling: singling out an individual as a suspect due to appearance of ethnicity
Libel and slander: written and spoken untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
Search warrant: a court order allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspect's home or business and take specific items of evidence
Double jeopardy: putting someone on trial for a crime of which he or she was previously acquitted
Bill of Rights: the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Implied and expressed powers: powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly and implicitly in the Constitution
censorship: the banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas
civil liberties: freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment
petition: a formal request for government action
slander: spoken untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
libel: written untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
federalism a form of government in which power is divided between federalist or national government and the states
ratify to vote approval of
Three fifths compromise counts slaves as 3/5 of a person
anti federalist opposed to federalism
description of delegates at constitutional convention educated, professionals, politically experienced
constitutional convention to revise articles of confederation
year of convention 1787
popular sovereignty power resides with the people
justices of supreme court have the final say on the constitution; final interpretation of the constitution
electoral college a group of people who would be needed by each state legislative to select the president and the vice president
great compromise established three brances of government, with a basis of representation (house and senate)
House of Representatives based on population
senate equal; 2 senators per state
How many amendments are in the Bill of Rights? 10
Internet communication, a painting, or an article of clothing can all be examples of __________. freedom of speech
A crime in which a person spreads spoken lies is called __________. slander
The right to a jury trial in a criminal case is found in the __________ Amendment. sixth
Protection from being forced to testify against oneself is stated in the __________ Amendment. fifth
People who feel that the death penalty should be eliminated because it is "cruel and unusual punishment" are referring to the __________ Amendment. eighth
The phrase "Civil War amendments" refers to the __________ Amendments. thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth
The __________ Amendment prohibits slavery in the United States. 13th
The Nineteenth Amendment __________. extending voting rights to women
President __________ ordered an end to segregation in the nation's armed forces. harry truman
constitutional convention meeting of state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of new Constitution
legislative branch the lawmaking branch of government
executive branch the branch of government that carries out the laws
judicial branch the branch of government that interprets laws
great compromise agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation
three fifths compromise agreement providing that enslaved persons would count as three-fifths of other persons in determining representation in Congress
supporters of the constitution supporters of the Constitution
preamble the opening section of the Constitution
amendment any change in the Constitution
bill of rights the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
income tax a tax on people's earnings
rule of law principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
checks and balances a system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of the others
separation of powers the split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
expressed powers powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution
reserved powers powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
concurrent powers powers shared by the state and federal governments
The Virginia Plan called for a government with __________ branch(es). three
The Great Compromise was proposed by __________. roger sherman
Those who supported ratifying the new Constitution were called __________. federalists
Which part of the Constitution explains the purposes of the government? preamble
Article I describes the __________ branch. legislative
To amend the Constitution, a proposal must be made by __________ of the members of Congress 2/3
The principle that the power to rule comes from the people is known as __________. popular sovereignty
examples of the principle of checks and balances __________. Congress passing a bill the president vetoing a bill Congress impeaching a president
not an example of checks and balances the Supreme Court declaring a law unconstitutional
Powers specifically granted only to the national (federal) government are called __________. expressed powers
who was the main leader of the Civil Rights movement in the 1950s Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
how many justices are there on the Supreme Court nine
who has the power to declare war congress
which article describes the legislative branch 1
which article describes the executive brance 2
which article describes the judicial branch 3
allows congress to make any laws the constitution does not specifically forbid necessary and proper clause
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been 6
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. 2
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redre 1
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in wartime or public danger 5
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 8
no person subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself 5
Created by: fhershey