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BellaireSS8 Ch1

Bellaire SS8 CH1 vocab

Archaeology the study of the written past
Artifacts remains of abjects made by humans
Paleo-Indians the first Americans
Migration the movement of people from one region to another
Hunter-gathers people who hunt animals and gather wild plants to provide for their needs
Environments climates and landscapes that surround living things
Domestication breeding plants and animals such as dogs, to meet specific human needs
Maize corn grown by humans
Societies a group that shres a common culture
Culture is made up of common values and traditions; such as languages, government and family relationships
Glyphs symbols and images that represent ideas
Where is Beringia? the area between Alaska and Russia
Where is Mesoamerica? the land between North America and South America
Kayaks one-person canoes almost completely enclosed by animal skins used for transportation
Igloos Native Americans in the Artic use blocks of ice to build housing in the winter
Totems carved wooden trees of ancestors or animals on tall poles
Potlatches events at which hosts gave away most of their goods in order to gain respect
Kivas circular ceremonial rooms
Wigwams circular huts
longhouses rectangular dwellings made from logs and bark; Iroquois
Iroquis League a unique political confederation made up of the Seneca, Oneida, Mohawk, Cayuga and Onondaga tribes
Colony settlement
Middle Ages a period of time that started around the late A.D. 400s and began to end around A.D. 1350
Feudalism a system of government in which people pledged loyalty to a lord in exchange for protection
Manor large estates
Magna Carta “Great Charter”; agreed to by King John of England, it gave the nobility and other individuals greater rights and made it clear that the nobility and monarchs must obey the law
Crusades 5 war between 1096 and 1221 for possession of the Holy land
Silk Road an overland trade route several thousand miles long, stretching from the Black Sea to China
Muhammad a merchant who lived on the Arabian Peninsula, told of receiving a holy vision that directed him to establish the religion of Islam who worshiped a God called Allah
Kublai Khan he ruled an empire that stretched 4000 miles across Asia’s central plains from the Adriatic Sea to China’s southern coast; he thought that trade was very important and used his navy to open trading networks
Zheng He a young boy who was captured in the ming dynasty, he grew strong and became a skilled military commander. He seized the Ming throne and built a large fleet of ships for trading silk and spices in India, Africa and Arabia
Timbuktu important trading city; a center of Islamic culture and learning
Created by: kdewey