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Geography Test Notes

globe a scale model of the Earth that is more accurate than a map (most accurate representation of the Earth)
map a symbolic representation of all or part of the planet, can show small areas in great detail, it is a projection that is somewhat distorted
cartographer a person who makes maps, uses modern satellite images to make their maps
great circle route the shortest distance between 2 points on Earth, an imaginary line that follows the curve of the Earth
map projection when cartographers project the round Earth onto a flat surface, all maps are somewhat distorted
Winkel Tripel Projection most general reference world map, provides a good balance between the size and shape of land areas as they are shown on the map
Goode's Interrupted Equal-Area Projection resembles a globe that has been cut apart and laid flat, shows the true size and shape of Earth's landmasses
grid system criss-crossing likes on maps that are used to help you locate places on that map, can be longitude or latitude lines
latitude, parallel, equator latitudes and parallels are lines that circle the Earth parallel to the Equator, they measure distances north and south of the equator in degrees, the equator is an imaginary line that measures 0 degrees latitude and it is the origin of all latitudes,
equator (cont.) it divides the earth into northern and southern hemispheres
longitude, meridian, prime meridian longitudes or meridians circle the Earth from Pole to Pole they measure distance east or west of the Prime Meridian which measures 0 degrees longitude, it splits the Earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres
compass rose indicates directions on that map, the 4 cardinal directions are indicated with arrows or the points of a star
legend (key) lists and explains the symbols, colors, and lines used on that map
scale a consistent proportional relationship between the measurements shown on the map and the measurement of the Earth;s surface
small scale map shows a large area but little detail
large scale map shows a small area with great detail
northern hemisphere everything North of the equator
southern hemisphere everything south of the equator
eastern hemisphere everything east of the Prime Meridian for 180 degrees
western hemisphere everything west of the Prime Meridian for 180 degrees
atlas a book of maps
St. Louis lat and long 38 degrees North and 90 degrees West
physical map shows the location and topography, or shape, of the Earth's physical features
political map shows the boundaries and locations of political units such as countries, states, counties, cities, and towns
thematic map emphasizes a single idea or a particular kind of information about an area ex: WE COUNT map (population)
how many time zones are in the world? 24
how many degrees of longitude are in each time zone? about 15
going west would be... earlier
what are the 4 time zones in the continental u.s.? Pacific, Mountain, Central, Eastern
how many hours difference are there between time zones in the continental u.s.? 3 hours
absolute location the exact position of a place on the Earth's surface
relative location location in relation to other places
site refers to the specific location of a place including its physical setting
place a particular space with physical and human meaning
formal region a region defined by common characteristics such as production of a product
functional region a central place and the surrounding area linked to it
human environment interaction the study of the inter relationship between people and their physical environment
physical geography focuses on the study of Earth's physical features, it looks at climate, land, water, plants, and animal life in terms of relationships to one another and humans
human geography cultural geography, the study of human activities and their relationships to one another and humans, it focuses on political, economic, social, and cultural factors
geographic information systems computer tools for processing and organizing details and satellite images with other pieces of information
census data the counting of the number of people in a city, country, world, etc.
Created by: distler