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Body Structures

Combining Forms for Selected Body Structures 2.4

Combining FormMeaningWord AssociationDefinition of Word Association
append/o, appendic/o appendix Appendectomy Excision of appendix.
bi/o life or living Biology Science of life and living things.
blephar/o eyelid Blepharoptosis The drooping of the upper eyelid.
cerebr/o, encephal/o brain (cerebro=cerebrum sometimes) CerebralEncephalitis Cerebral palsy: paralysis caused by a brain defect.Encephalitis: inflammation of the brain.
chir/o hand Chirospasm Ex: writer's cramp
col/o colon, large intestine Colonoscopy Visual exam of the colon.
cutane/o, derm/a, dermat/o skin Cutaneous pertaing to the skin.
faci/o face Facial pertains to the face.
hepat/o liver Hepatitis An inflammatory condition of the liver.
mamm/o, mast/o breast MammographyMastectomy The use of x-rays to diagnose breast diseases.Surgical removal of the breast.
Muscul/omy/o muscle Muscular Person with well developed muscles.
Myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord Myelopathy Any disease of spinal cord. Any disease of bone marrow.
oste/o bone Osteoarthritis One or more joints undergo degenerative changes.
pulm/o,pulmon/o,pneum/o, pneumon/o lungs Pulmonary, Pneumonia, Pneumatic Pertaining to lungs.A lung conditionPertaining to air or gas.
tonsill/o tonsil Tonsillitis Inflammation of the tonsils.
trache/o trachea Tracheostomy Operation that forms a new opening into the trachea.
vas/o vessel,vas deferens Vasectomy Removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens, a form of male contraception.
aden/o gland Adenoids Resembled or thought to be glands.
angi/o vessel Angiogram X-ray film of blood vessels filled with a contrast medium.