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Chapter 2 Vocab.

Vocab. Flash Cards (ch. 2)

What are the rights that is based on nature and Providence and not on the whims or preferences of people? Unalienable
What is the agreement made by the original 13 states in 1777 establishing a confederacy to be known as the United States of America? Articles of Confederation
What was advertised as a meeting to revise the Articles? Constitutional Convention
What was the rebellion led by Daniel Shays when mostly small farmers were angered by crushing debt and taxes? Shay's Rebellion
What is the compromise at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 that reconciled the interests of small and large states by allowing the former to predominate in the Senate and the latter in the House? Great Compromise
What is a form of democracy in which power is vested in representatives selected by means of popular competitive elections? Republic
What is the power of the courts to declare acts of the legislature and of the executive to be unconstitutional and hence null and void? Judicial Review
What is the power of the legislature, executive, and judicial branches of government to block some acts by the other two branches? Checks and Balances
What is a political system in which ultimate authority is shared between a central government and state or regional governments? Federalism
What is a principle of of American government whereby constitutional authority is shared by three separate branches of government--the legislative, the executive, and the judicial? Separation of Powers
What is a group of people connected by a shared belief or opinion within a larger group? Faction
What are supporters of a stronger central government who advocate ratification of the Constitution? Federalists
what are opponents of a strong central government who campaigned against the ratification of the Constitution in favor of a confederation of largely independent states? Antifederalists
What is a series of eighty-five essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay that were published om New York Newspapers in 1787-1788 to convince New Yorkers to adopt the newly proposed Constitution. Federalist papers
What is an alliance among different interest groups or parties to achieve some political goal? Coalition
what is a Latin term meaning "you shall have the body" and was designed to prevent illegal arrests and imprisonment? Writ of habeas corpus
What is the law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty f a crime? Bill of attainder
What is a Latin term meaning "after the fact" and a law that makes criminal an act that was legal when it was committed, or that changes the rules of evidence to make conviction easier? Ex post facto law
What is the list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press? Bill of rights
What are changes in, or additions to, the U.S. Constitution? Amendments
What is the power of an executive to veto some provisions in an appropriations bill while approving others? Line-item veto
Created by: 1598778395