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Bonewit Chapter 19

Blood Chemistry and Serology

(as it pertains to blood) Clumping of blood cells. AGGLUTINATION
A substance that is capable of combining with an antigen, resulting in an antigen-antibody reaction. ANTIBODY
A substance capable of stimulating the formation of antibodies. ANTIGEN
A serum that contains antibodies. ANTISERUM (PL. ANTISERA)
A protein present in the blood plasma that is capable of combining with its corresponding blood antigen to produce an antigen-antibody reaction. BLOOD ANTIBODY
A protein present on the surface of red blood cells that determines a person's blood type. BLOOD ANTIGEN
One who furnishes something, such as blood, tissue, or organs, to be used in another individual. DONOR
A unit of heredity GENE
The form in which carbohydrate is stored in the body. GLYCOGEN
The process of glucose attaching to hemoglobin GLYCOSYLATION
A lipoprotein, consisting of protein and cholesterol, which removes excess cholesterol from the cells. HDL CHOLESTEROL
Compound formed when glucose attaches or glycosylates to the protein in hemoglobin. HEMOGLOBIN A
An abnormally high level of glucose in the blood. HYPERGLYCEMIA
An abnormally low level of glucose in the blood. HYPOGLYCEMIA
Occurring in glass. Refers to tests performed under artificial conditions, as in the laboratory. IN VITRO
Occurring in the living body or organism. IN VIVO
A lipoprotein, consisting of protein and cholesterol, that picks up cholesterol and delivers it to the cells. LDL CHOLESTEROL
A complex molecule consisting of protein and a lipid fraction such as cholesterol. Lipoproteins function in transporting lipids in the blood. LIPOPROTEIN
One who receives something, such as a blood transfusion, from a donor. RECIPIENT
Created by: Mrs.Marshall