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ch4 special pop.

chapter 4 special population AST book

QuestionAnswer
know the definition of obesity patients whose body weight is 100 pds greater than ideal body weight
why is recovery time for obsess patients different? poor blood supply in adipose tissue
post-operative complications for obesess patients include..
whay are obese patients high-risk for coronary artery disease hypertension and diabetes
what are common postoperative complication of gastric bypass or gastrroplasty surgery? abdominal catastrophes, internal hernia, acute gastric distention
during abdominal procedures on obese patients, what procedure might be additionally be performed due to newly identified pathology? cholecystectomy with possible cholangiography (choloangiogram)
immediate operative intervention is performed on the pregnant patient for what reasons? ectopic pregnancy, appendicitis, trauma injury, malignancy, incomplete cervix
when is it safe (trimester) to perform abdominal surgery for pregnant patient? 2nd
what are autoimmune diseases? which are listed in your text? multiple sclerosis, lupuserythematosis, rheumatoid arthritis
why may it be difficult to intubate an AIDS patient? poor veins, skin lesions
arterial blood gases (ABGs) a method of monitoring blood oxygenation levels
autoimmune diseases a disease that attacks the body's own tissue
central venous catheter
diabetes mellitus disorder of the endocrine system that affects the production of insulin in the pancreas; either Type 1 or Type 2
enterocolitis inflammation of the small intestines and colon
golden hour concept that medical treatment of a trauma victim within the first hour following injury improves patient outcomes
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) the virus that causes acquired immune defiency syndrome (AIDS)
hypothermia abnormally low body temperature, typically defined as a core body temperature below 35 degrees C
immunocompetence degree of function of an immune system that is designed to keep a patient from infection by pathogens
intra-arterial measurement a method of ECG monitoring in whihc the intra-arterial catheter is inserted directly into the artery
kaposisarcoma cancer that produces painful external and internal lesions; internally the lesions can cause complications, such as difficulty in swallowing or bowl obstruction
kinematics an attempt to understand the mechanism of injury and the action and effort of a particular type of force on the human body
penetrating trauma a foreign object that passes through tissue, such as a bullet or knfe
pneumothorax abnormal accumulation of air in the pleural cavity
revised trauma score (RTS) a scorint system used to assess the severity of a traumatice wound and to determine the condition of a patient
septic shock a state of shock produced by septicemia when the body is overwhelmed by the pathogenic microorganisms and cannot adequently fight the infection
splenectomy removal of spleen
splenormegaly abnormal enlargement of spleen
torticollis an abnormal contracted state of muscles
urine output amount of urine collected and measured from a patient over a given amount of time; indication of kidney function
venous compression device a device used for patients who are proe to the develoment of thrombophlebitis; a patient is fitted with intermittent venous compression boots that inflate and deflate every few seconds to promote the movement of venous in the legs
Created by: Cherae Hart Cherae Hart on 2010-07-27



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