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Medical Terms CH 1

Chapter 1

abdomen lapar/o
abnormal condition -osis
abnormal condition of clot formation thrombosis
abnormal condition of the kidneys nephrosis
abnormal condition of the mind psychosis
abnormal condition of the skin dermatosis
across trans-
back re-
bad, painful, difficult dys-
before pro-
behind retro-
blood hem/o
blood hemat/o
blood condition -emia
blood condition of decreased sugar hypoglycemia
bone oste/o
brain encephalo/
cancer, cancerous carcin/o
cancerous tumor carcinoma
cancerous tumor of the liver hepatoma
cancerous tumors of fleshy tissues (muscle, fat, bone) sarcoma
cell -cyte or cyt/o
cerebrovascular accident (stroke) CVA
cerebrum, largest part of the brain cerebr/o
clot thrombus
clotting thromb/o
clotting cell (platelet) thrombocyte
complete knowledge of a patient diagnosis
complete, through dia-
condition -sis or -ia
condition of painful intestines dysentery
condition, process -ism
deficiency of hemoglobin &/or numbers of red blood cells ('lacking in blood') anemia
disease path/o
electricity electr/o
examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death autopsy
excessive activity of the thyroid gland hyperthyroidism
excision (to cut out) of kidney nephrectomy
eye ophthalm/o
fleshy sarc/o
gland aden/o
glands that produce (secrete) chemicals that leave the body through ducts exocrine gland
head cephal/o
higher than normal levels of sugar in the blood hyperglycemia
incision into abdominal wall to inspect abdominal organs laparotomy
incision of a nerve neurotomy
incision of the nose rhinotomy
incision of the stomach gastrotomy
increase in malignant white blood cells in blood and bone marrow leukemia
inflammation -itis
inflammation of a bone osteitis
inflammation of a gland adenitis
inflammation of a joint arthritis
inflammation of a nerve neuritis
inflammation of bones and joints osteoarthritis
inflammation of the inner lining of the heart endocarditis
inflammation of the liver hepatitis
inflammation of the nose rhinitis
inflammation of the skin dermatitis
inflammation of the small intestine enteritis
inflammation of the stomach gastritis
inflammation of the stomach & small intestine gastroenteritis
inner lining of the heart endocardium
instrument (endoscope) used to view the inside of a joint arthroscope
instrument to visually examine -scope
instrument used to examine the eye ophthalmoscope
instrument used to view the stomach gastroscope
instrument used to visually examine the urinary bladder cystoscope
joint arthr/o
joint pain arthralgia
kidney (problem) nephr/o
kidney (healthy) ren/o
knowledge gnos/o
life bi/o
liver hepat/o
lower than normal activity of the thyroid gland hypothyroidism
mind psych/o
nerve neur/o
nerve pain neuralgia
no, not a-, an-
nose rhin/o
organs that produce (secrete) hormones endocrine glands
outside, out exo-
pain -algia
pain in the head (headache) cephalgia
pathologist specialist in study of disease using microscopic examination of tissues and cells and autopsy examination
pertaining to -al, -and -ic
pertaining to a nerve neural
pertaining to across (through) the stomach transgastric
pertaining to across (through) the urethra transurethral
pertaining to behind the stomach retrogastric
pertaining to the cerebrum cerebral
pertaining to the head cephalic
pertaining to the heart cardiac
pertaining to the kidneys renal
pertaining to the skin dermal
pertaining to the stomach gastric
pertaining to through the skin transdermal
pertaining to under or below the liver subhepatic
pertaining to under or below the skin hypodermic
pertaining to under or below the stomach subgastric
physician specializing in the study & treatment of tumors oncologist
prediction as to the outcome of an illness (before - knowledge) prognosis
process of examining the urinary bladder cystoscopy
process of viewing the inside of a joint arthroscopy
process of visual examination using an instrument (scope) -scopy
protein -globin
protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen hemoglobin
record -gram
recording of electricity of the brain electroencephalogram
recording of electricity of the heart electrocardiogram
red erythr/o
red blood cell erythrocyte
removal (excision) of an organ or a structure resection
secrete crin/o
self aut/o
skin derm/o, dermat/o
small intestine enter/o
specialist -logist
specialist in the medical and surgical treatment of female disorders gynecologist
stomach gastr/o
study of -logy
study of cells cytology
study of endocrine glands endocrinology
study of female disorders gynecology
study of life biology
study of the heart cardiology
study of the kidney and its diseases nephrology
study of the nervous system and nervous disorders neurology
study of the stomach and intestines gastroenterology
sugar (glucose) glyc/o
surgical excision or resection (to cut out) -ectomy
surgical removal of the stomach gastrectomy
swelling (mass) under the skin containing blood, commonly called a bruise hematoma
to cut into (incision) -tomy
to view -opsy
too little, deficient, below normal hypo-
too much, above normal hyper-
tumor onc/o
tumor of a gland adenoma
tumor or mass -oma
under, below sub-
urinary bladder cyst/o
white leuk/o
within endo-
x-ray record of a joint arthrogram
white blood cell leukocyte
Created by: pphil