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med terminology .2

chapter 2

Levels of organization cell, tissue, organ, organ system, body
Muscle tissue cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle, smooth muscle
Epithelial tissue epithelium
Connective tissue adipose, cartilage, tendons, bone
Nervous tissue brain, nerves, neurons, spinal cord
Integumentary system (dermatology) skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
Musculoskeletal system (orthopedics) bones, joints, muscles
Cardiovascular (cardiology) heart, arteries, veins
Blood (hematology) plasma, erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets
Lympthatic (immunology) lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus gland, tonsils
Respiratory (otorhinolaryngology, pulmonology) nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
Digestive (gastroenterology, proctology) oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, salivary glands
Urinary (nephrology, urology) kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
Female reproductive (obstetrics, gynecology) ovary, fallopian tube, uterus, vagina, vulva, breasts
Male reproductive (urology) testes, epididymis, vas defrens, penis, seminal vescicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral gland
Endocrine (endocrinology) pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, adrenal, pancreas, ovaries/testes
Nervous (neurology) brain, spinal cord, nerves
Special senses (opthalmology, otorhinolaryngology) eye, ear
Coronal plane splits front and back
Saggital plane splits down the center
Transverse plane splits up and down
Cephalic region head
Cervical region neck
Trunk torso
Thoracic chest
Abdominal abdomen
Pelvic above pubic
Pubic genitals
Dorsum middle of back
Vertebral sides of back
Gluteal buttocks
Brachial where the lungs are
Crural thighs
base bottom or lower part of an organ
superficial toward surface of body
deep further from surface
supine lying horizontally facing down
prone lying horizontally facing down
Abdominal divisions right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right illiac, hypogastric, left illiac
Body position divisions superior (above), inferior (below), anterior (front), posterior (back), medial (middle), lateral (side), proximal (point of attachment), distal (farther away from point of attachment), apex (tip of an organ)
Created by: sazzduhnuh