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Med Terms A-M short

short list

AA Anesthesiologist assistant
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAAA American Academy of Anesthesiologist Assistants
AAF African-American female
AAM African-American male
AAPA American Association of Physician Assistants
Ab abortion
ab antibiotics
abd Abdomen, abdominal
ABD Army battle dressing
ABG Arterial blood gas
ABL Allowable blood loss
abn Abnormal
ACL Anterior cruciate ligament
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
ACS Acute coronary syndrome
ACT Activated clotting time
ADHD Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder
AF Atrial fibrillation (or A fib); atrial flutter
AI Aortic insufficiency
AICD Automated intra-coronary defibrillator device
AIDS Acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome
AKA Above the knee amputation
ALS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
AMA Against medical advice, American Medical Association
AMI Acute myocardial infarction
amp Ampule
A&O x 3 Alert and oriented to person, place, and time
AP Anterior-posterior
aPTT Activated partial thromboplastin time
AR Aortic regurgitation
ARDS Adult respiratory distress syndrome
AROM artificial rupture of membranes
AS Aortic stenosis
ASA Aspirin, American Society of Anesthesiologist
ASAP As soon as possible
ASC Ambulatory surgery center
ASD Atrial septal defect
AST Aspartate aminotransferase (formerly SGOT)
ATN Acute tubular necrosis
AV Atrioventricular; assisted ventilation
A/V Arterio-venous
AVF Arteriovenous fistula
AVG Ateriovenous graft
AVM Arteriovenous malformation
AVR Aortic valve replacement
B bilateral
BCLS basic cardiac life support
BCP birth control pills
BF black female
BH Bair Hugger
b.i.d. twice a day
B.I.N. twice a night
BLBS= bilateral breath sounds and equal
BKA below the knee amputation
BM black male, bowel movement
BMI body mass index
BMR basal metabolic rate
BMT bilateral myringotomy tubes
BP blood pressure
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
Bpm beats per minute
BS breath sounds; bowel sounds; blood sugar
BSA body surface area
BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
BUN blood urea nitrogen
bx biopsy
c with
°C degrees Celsius
C-1 first cervical vertebra
CA cancer, carcinoma
Ca calcium
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CaCl calcium chloride
CAD coronary artery disease
CASHD coronary artery symptomatic heart disease
CAT computerized axial tomography
CBC complete blood count
CBF cerebral blood flow
cc cubic centimeter
CCU coronary care unit
CEA carotid endarterectomy
CF cystic fibrosis
CFX circumflex coronary artery
CHEM-6 Na+, K+, Cl-, CO2, glucose, BUN
CHEM-7 Chem-6 + creatinine
CHF congestive heart failure
CHI closed head injury
CI cardiac index
CICU cardiac intensive care unit
Cl chloride
cm. centimeter
CMRO2 cerebral metabolic requirement of O2
CMV cytomegalovirus
CNS central nervous system
c/o complained of
CO cardiac output
CO2 carbon dioxide, bicarbonate
COPD chronic obstructed pulmonary disease
CP cerebral palsy; chest pain
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPB cardio-pulmonary bypass
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Cryo cryoprecipitate
CRNA certified registered nurse anesthetist
C/S Cesarean section delivery
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CT computed tomography (see CAT), chest tube
CTA clear to auscultation
CTR carpal tunnel release
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
CV controlled ventilation / cardiovascular
CVA cerebral vascular accident
CVICU cardiovascular intensive care unit
CVP central venous pressure
CXR chest X-ray
D5W dextrose 5% in water
D50 dextrose 50%
D&C dilatation and curettage
D/C discontinue
DDD degenerative disc disease
D.D.S. doctor of dental science
DI diabetes insipidus
DIC disseminated idiopathic coagulopathy
DIFF. differential (blood count)
DJD degenerative joint disease
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DL direct laryngoscopy
DLT double-lumen tube
DMV daily multi-vitamin
DNR do not resuscitate
D.O. Doctor of Osteopathy
DOA dead on arrival
DOB date of birth
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DT delirium tremens
DVT deep vein thrombosis
Dx diagnosis
Dz disease
EBL estimated blood loss
EBV estimated blood volume; Epstein-Barr virus
ECG electrocardiogram
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
ED emergency department
EEG electroencephalogram
EEY erythromycin
EF ejection fraction
EGA estimated gestational age
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EJ external juglar vein
ENT ear, nose, throat
ER emergency room
ESRD end stage renal disease
ESRF end stage renal failure
ESWL external sound wave therapy
ETCO2 end-tidal carbon dioxide
EtOH alcohol
ETT endotracheal tube
EUA examination under anesthesia
Ex lape xploratory laparotomy
FANA Florida Association of Nurse Anesthetists
F.B. foreign body
FeSO4 ferrous sulfate (iron)
FEV1 forced expiratory volume at 1 second
FFP fresh frozen plasma
FHx family history
FHR fetal heart rate
FHT fetal heart tone
FIO2 fraction inspired oxygen
FRC functional residual capacity
FROM full range of motion
FSA Florida Society of Anesthesiologists
F/U follow up
FUO fever of unknown origin
Fx fracture
GCS Glascow Coma Scale
g/dL grams per deciliter
GERD gastric esophageal reflux disorder
GI gastrointestinal
G/P gravida/para
GSW gun shot wound
gtt drops
GU genitourinary
GYN gynecology
HCG human chorionic gonadotropin
Hct hematocrit
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide
HDL high density lipoprotein
HELLP hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (a syndrome)
Hg mercury
Hgb hemoglobin
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
H/O history of
HOH history of headache
H & P history and physical
HPI history of present illness
HPV human papilloma virus
HTN hypertension
hx history
IABP intra-arterial balloon pump
ICP intracranial pressure
ICU intensive care unit
I & D incision and drainage
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
I/E inspiratory-to-expiratory time ratio
IGP intragastric pressure
IHHS idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
IHR inguinal hernia repair
IJ internal juglar vein
IM intramuscular
IMA internal mammary artery
IMV intermittent mandatory ventilation
INR internal normalization ratio
I & O intake and output
IOP introcular pressure
I.U. international unit
IUD intrauterine device; intrauterine death
IUFD intrauterine fetal death
IUP intrauterine pregnancy
IV intravenous
IVC inferior vena cava
IVP intravenous pyelogram
K potassium
KCl potassium chloride
kg kilogram
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder (used when taking an X-ray)
KVO keep vein open
L left; liter
L-1 first lumbar vertebra
LAD left anterior descending (coronary artery)
LAVH laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy
LBBB left bundle branch block
LBP low back pain
lbs pounds
L & D labor and delivery
LDL low density lipoprotein
LE lower extremity
LFT liver function test(s)
LIH left inguinal hernia
LIMA left internal mammary artery
LLD left lateral decubitus (position)
LLE left lower extremity
LLL left lower lobe
LLQ left lower quadrant
LMA laryngeal mask airway
LMP last menstrual period
LOC loss/level of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
LPN licensed practical nurse
LR lactated Ringer’s solution
LSO left salpingo oopherectomy
LTL laparoscopic tubal ligation
LUE left upper extremity
LUL left upper lobe
LUQ left upper quadrant
LV left ventricle
LVAD left ventricular assist device
LVEDP left ventricular end diastolic pressure
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
mg microgram
MAC minimum alveolar concentration; monitored anesthesia care
MAP mean arterial pressure
MCA motorcycle accident
Mcg microgram
MCL mid clavicular line
MD Medical Doctor
MDI metered dose inhaler
mEq milliequivalent
mEq/L milliequivalent per liter
mg milligram
mg/dL milligrams per deciliter
MgSO4 magnesium sulphate
MH malignant hyperthermia
MID-CAB minimally invasive coronary artery bypass
MICU medical intensive care unit
Ml milliliter
mm millimeter
mmHg millimeter of mercury
MOSF multi-organ system failure
MR mental retardation; mitral valve regurgitation
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA methicillin resistant staph aureus
MS multiple sclerosis; mitral stenosis
MSO4 morphine sulfate
MVA motor vehicle accident
MV multivitamins
MVP mitral valve prolapse
MVR mitral valve replacement
Created by: Vanessaleah