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chabner chp.21

review of chapter 21

aer/o air
alges/o sensitivity to pain
bronch/o bronchial tube
chem/o drug
cras/o mixture
cutane/o skin
derm/o skin
erg/o work
esthes/o feeling, sensation
hist/o tissue
hypn/o sleep
iatr/o treamtment
lingu/o tongue
myc/o mold,fungus
narc/o stupor
or/o mouth
pharmac/o drug
prurit/o itching
pyret/o fever
thec/o sheath
tox/o poison
toxic/o poison
vas/o vessel
ven/o vein
vit/o life
ana- upward,excessive,again
anti- against
contra- against, opposite
par- other than, apart from
syn- together,with
addiction physical or psychological dependence on a drug
addictive action drug action in which the combination of two similar drugs is eqaul to the sum of the effects of each
aerosol particles of drugs in the air
anaphysis hypersensitivity reaction to a foreign drug
antagonistic action combination of two drugs gives less than an addictive effect
brand name commercial name for a drug;trademark
antidote agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug
chemical name chemical formula for a drug
contraindications factors in a patients conditions that prevent the use of a particular drug or treatment
Food & Drug Administration (FDA) gov agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical use
generic name legal noncommercial name for a drug
iatrogenic condition caused by treatment given by medical personnel
idiosyncrasy unexpected effect produced in particularly sensitive individual but not seen in most patients
inhalation administration of drugs in gaseous or vapor form through the nose or mouth
medicinal chemistry study of new drugs synthesis;relationship between chemical structure and biological effects
molecular pharmacology study of interaction of drug and subcellular entities such as DNA, RNA and enzyme
oral administration drugs are given by mouth
parenteral administration drugs are given by injection into the skin muscles or veins
pharmacist prepares and dispenses drugs
pharmacy location for preparing drugs
pharmadynamics study of effects of a drug withiin the body
pharmacokinetics calculation of drug concentration in tissues and blood over a period of time
pharmacologist specialist in the properties,uses, and actions of drugs
pharmacology study of the preparation,properties,uses and action of drugs
Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR) reference book that list drug products
receptor target substance with which a drug interacts in the body
rectal administration drugs are inserted through the anus into the rectum
side effect toxic effect that routinely results from the use of a drug
sublingual administration drugs are given by placement under the tongue
synergism combination of two drugs causes diseases an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone
syringe instrument for introducing or withdrawing fluids from the body
tolerance larger and larger drug doses must be given to achieve the desired effect
topical application drugs are applied locally on the skin or mucous membranes of the body
toxicity harmful effects of a drug
toxicology study of harmful chemicals and their effects on the body
transport movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells
United States Pharmacopeia (U.S.P) list of drugs,formulas, and preparations that sets a standard for drug manufacturing and dispensing
vitamin substance found in foods and essential in small quantities for growth and good terms
ACE inhibitor Lowers blood pressure
amphetime central nervous system stimulant
analgesic relieves pain
androgen male hormone
anesthetic reduces or eliminates sensation; general and local
angiotensin II receptor antagonist lowers blood pressure by preventing angiotensin from acting on receptors in blood vessels
antacid neutralizes acid in the stomach
antiandrogen slows the uptake of androgens or interfers with their binding in tissues
antiarrhythmic treats abnormal heart rhythms
antibiotic chemical substance that inhibit or kill foreign organisms in the body
anticoagulant prevents blood clotting
anticonvulsant prevents convulsions (abnormal brain activity)
antidepressant relieves symptoms of depression
antidiabetic drug given to prevent or alleviate diabetes mellitus
antidiarrheal prevents diarrhea
antiemetic prevents nausea and vomitting
antihistamine blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy
antinauseant relieves nausea and vomitting antiemetic
antiplatelet reduces the tendency of platelets to stick together
antiulcer inhibits the secretion of acid by cells of the lining of the stomach
antiviral acts against viruses such as herpesvirus and HIV
aromatase inhibitor reduces the amount of estrogen in the blood
bactericidal kills bacteria
bacteriostatic inhibits bacterial growth
beta-blocker blocks action of epinephrine at sites on receptors of heart muscles
bisphosphonate prevents bone loss in osteoporosis
caffeine central nervous system in stimulate
calcium antagonist blocks the entrance of calcium into heart muscle and muscle lining of blood vessels
cardiovascular acts on the heart and blood vessels
cathartic relieves constipation
diuretic increase production of urine
emetic promotes vomitting
endocrine a hormone or hormone-like drug
estrogen female hormone responsible for secondary sex characteristics
gastrointestinal relieves symptoms of diseases in the gastrointestinal tract
glucocorticoid hormone from the adrenal cortex that raises blood sugar and reduces inflammation
hypnotic produces sleep
laxative weak cathartic
narcotic habit forming drug that relieves pain by producing stupor or insensibility
progestin female hormone that affects the lining of the uterus during pregnancy
purgative strong cathartic
respiratory treats asthma,emphysema,and infections of the respiratory system
sedative mildy hypnotic drug that relieves without necessarily producing sleep
SERM selective estrogen modulator with estrogen-like effect on bones and fat metabolism
stimulant excites and promotes activity
thyroid hormone stimulates cellular metabolism
tranquilizer controls anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior
Created by: ladyvicious