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Med Terms!

Female Reproductive System & Obstetrics and Neonatology

-salpinx suffix: uterine (fallopian) tube
cervic-o, trachel-o cf:cervix
culd-o cf: cul-de-sac
hyster-o, metr-o, metr-i, uter-o cf: uterus
gynec-o, gyn-o cf: woman
arche-o cf: first, beginning
colp-o, vagin-o cf: vagina
hymen-o cf: hymen
episi-o, vulv-o cf: vulva
mamm-o, mast-o cf:breast
oophor-o cf: ovary
-atresia suffix: absence of normal body opening, occlusion, closure
salping-o cf: uterine (fallopian) tube
men-o cf: menstruation
perine-o cf: perineum
-ial suffix: pertaining to
peri- prefix: surrounding (outer)
chori-o cf: chorion
lact-o cf: milk
fet-o, fet-i cf: fetus, unborn child
amni-o, amnion-o cf: amnion, amniotic fluid
embry-o cf: embryo, to be full
nat-o cf: birth
gravid-o cf: pregnancy
omphal-o cf: umbilicus, navel
puerper-o cf: childbirth
prim-i cf: first
esophag-o cf: esophagus
par-o, part-o cf: bear, give birth to, labor, childbirth
cephal-o cf: head
pseud-o cf: false
pelv-i, pelv-o cf: pelvic bone, pelvis
terat-o cf: malformations
micro- prefix: small
-amnios suffix: amnion, amniotic fluid
nulli- prefix: none - as in no pregnancies (a woman who has never been pregnant)
pylor-o cf: pylorus, pyloric sphincter
ante-, pre- prefix: before
post- prefix: after
multi- prefix: many
-partum suffix: childbirth, labor
-um, -is, -us, -e suffix: noun suffix, no meaning
-tocia suffix: birth, labor
-cyesis suffix: pregnancy
-rrhexis suffix: rupture
pregnancy is also called gestation
where is the cul-de-sac... also called Douglas cul-de-sac or rectputerine pouch between the uterus and the rectum
Hyaline membrane disease a neonate respiratory disorder
bilateral salpiingo-oophorectomy the removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries
Neonatology the study & treatment of newborns
fimbriae fingerlike ends of the fallopian tubes
abrputio placentae premature separation of the placenta
episiotomy an incision of the perineum during childbirth
pelvic exenteration removal of internal and reproductive organs
metrorrhagia excessive flow of blood from the uterus between menstrual periods
menarche? first menstrual period
PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Symptoms of PID... Pain, vaginal discharge, dysmenorrhea, gonococcal infection
endometriosis uterine tissue that is located outside the uterus
endometrial carcinoma malignant condition of the inner lining of the uterus
cystadenocarcinoma malignant tumor of the ovary
placenta previa displaced placenta
choriocarcinoma malignant tumor of the pregnant uterus
preeclampsia condition during pregnancy: hypertension, proteinuria, edema, and uremia. A severe complication of preeclampsia is eclampsia, which is characterized by convulsion and coma.
cervix lower neck-like portion of the uterus
perineum pelvic floor - area between the anus and vagina
clitoris organ of sensitive erectile tissue in females
The fallopian tubes may be called... uterine tubes
placenta blood-vessel-filled organ that develops during pregnancy
ovaries female gonads; they produce ova & hormones - egg cells are formed & stored here
female external genitalia vulva (labia major & labia minora)
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
myometrium muscular middle layer of the uterus
perimetrium outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus
amnion innermost membrane surrounding the embryo
What is the sac that contains the egg? Graafian follicle / ovarian follicle
What is used to treat vaginal yeast infection? antifungals
treats adverse symptoms of menopause estrogen
oxytocics induces labor at term by increasing the stregth and frequency of uterine contractions
prostaglandins terminate pregnancy
AI artificial insemination
DC discharge
D&C dilation and curettage - dialation of the cervix & scraping of the endometrium with a curette. Used to diagnose disease, correct bleeding & empty uterine contents
BSE breast self examination
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
CPD cephalopelvic disproportion
Dx diagnosis
GYN gynecology
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
ERT estrogen replacement therapy
HSG hysterosalpingography
IUD intrauterine device
LMP last menstrual period
HSV herpes simplex virus
LH luteinizing hormone
MH marital history
OCP's oral contraceptive pills
PMP previous mentrual period
PMS premenstrual syndrome
STI sexually transmitted infection
STD sexually transmitted disease
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
LSO left salpino-oophorectomy
Pap papanicolaou's smear
R/O rule out
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
VD venereal disease
TSS toxic shock syndrome
CS or C section cesarean section
DOB date of birth
FTND full-term normal delivery
FECG and FEKG fetal electrocardiogram
FHT fetal heart tone
FHR fetal heart rate
LBW low birth weight
OB obstetrics
NB newborn
XX female sex chromosomes
XY male sex chromosomes
UC uterine contractions
HCG human chorionic gonadotropin
CVS chronic villus sampling
GC gonorrhea
G gravida - meaning pregnant
FH family history
What is the newborn period? 1st 28 days
What is the post natal period? 28th day to end of 1st year
Infants born at term are born between 38-42 weeks
ovum (pl. ova) female egg cell
mammary papilla breast nipple
areola pigmented area around the breast nipple
hymen fold of membrane near the opening of the vagina
mammary glands or breast milk producing glands found in the female breast
bartholin glands pair of mucus producing glands on each side of the vagina and above the vaginal opening
amenorrhea absence of menstrual discharge
bartholin adenitis inflammation of a bartholin gland - also called bartholinitis
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
colpitis, vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual discharge
endocervicitis inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
endometritis inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus
hematosalpinx blood in uterine tube
hydrosalpinx water in uterine tube
hysteratresia closure of the uterus (uterine cavity)
mastitis inflammation of the breast
menometrorrhagia rapid flow of blood from the uterus at menstruation and between cycles
menorrhagia rapid flow of blood at menstruation
metrorrhagia rapid flow of blood from the uterus between menstrual cycles
myometritis inflammation of the uterine muscle
oligomenorrhea scanty menstral flow
oophoritis inflammation of the ovary
perimetritis inflammation surrounding the uterus (perimetrium)
pyosalpinx pus in the uterine tube
salpingitis inflammation of the uterine tube
salpingocele hernia of the uterine tube
valvovaginitis inflammation of the vulva and vagina
Cx cervix
A&P repair anterior and posterior colporrhapy - used to correct a cystocele (vaginal wall weakness)
FBD fibrocystic breast disease - benign cysts within the breast
SHG sonohysterography
BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TVS transvaginal sonography
UAE uterine artery embolization - used to treat fibroids of the uterus
dyspareunia difficult or painful intercourse
fistula abnormal passageway between 2 organs or between an internal organ and the body surface
menopause cessation of menstruation
speculum instrument for opening a body cavity to allow visual insepction
gynecologist one that studies and treats diseases of women
gynopathic pertaining to diseases of women
leukorrhea white discharge from the vagina
mastalgia pain in the breast
mastoptosis sagging breast
vaginal pertaining to the vagina
vulvovaginal pertaining to the vulva and vagina
CA-125 (cancer antigen-125 tumor marker) blood test used to find ovarian cancer; also used to monitor treatment and determine the extend of the disease
Pap smear cytological study to test for cancerous cells - common test for cervival cancer
mommogram radiographic image of the breast
hysterosalpingogram radiographic image of the uterus & uterine tubes
mammography radiographic image of the breast - also called digital mammography
colposcope instrument for visual examination of the vagina
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix
culdoscope instrument for visual examination of Douglas cul-de-sac
culdoscopy visual examination of the Douglas cul-de-sac
hysteroscope instrument for visual examination of the uterus (uterine cavity)
hysteroscopy visual examination of the uterus (uterine cavity)
culdocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from Douglas cul-de-sac
tubal ligation - also called tubal sterilization and tying of the tubes closure of uterine tubes for sterilization by cutting, tying, or cauterizing
stereotactic breast biopsy technique of a mammography & computer-assisted biopsy to obtain tissue from a breast lesion
sentinel lymph node biopsy blue dye or isotope identifies the sentinel lymph nodes - they are removed and tested
conization - also called cone biopsy surgical removal of the cone-shaped area of the cervix to treat cervical cancer
ovarian cancer malignant tumor of the ovary
fibroid tumor - also called myoma of the uterus or leiomyoma benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle
prolapsed uterus - also called hysteroptosis downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina
toxic shock syndrome - TSS high fever, rash, vomiting, diarrhea, myalgia, hypotension, and possibly shock and death. Caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes (usually affecting women that use tampons)
vesicovaginal fistula abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina
breast cancer malignant tumor of the breast
cervical cancer malignant tumor of the cervix
endometrial cancer - also called uterine cancer malignant tumor of the endometrium
adenomyosis growth of endometrium into the muscular portion of the uterus
cervicetomy excision of the cervix
colpoperineorrhaphy suture of the vagina and perineum - done to repair vaginal tears
colpoplasty surgical repair of the vagina
colporrhaphy suture of the vagina (wall)
episioperineoplasty surgical repair of the vulva & perineum
episiorrhaphy suture of (a tear in) the vulva
hymenectomy excision of the hymen
hymenotomy incision of the hymen
hysterectomy excision of the uterus
hysteropexy surgical fixation of the uterus
hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy excision of the uterus, uterine tubes, & ovaries
mammoplasty surgical repair of the breast - after removal of tumor
mastectomy surgical removal of a breast
oophorectomy excision of an ovary
perineorraphy suture of a tear in the perineum
salpingectomy excision of a uterine tube
salping-oophorectomy excision of a uterine tube and ovary
salpingostomy creation of an artificial opening in a uterine tube - done to restore patency
trachelectomy excision of the cervix
trachelorrhaphy suture of the cervix
vulvectomy excision of the vulva
endrometrial ablation procedure that destroies or removes the endometrium with a laser or thermal energy. Used to treat abnormal uterine bleeding
laproscopy or laproscopic surgery visual examination of the abdominal cavity by way of a laparscope inserted through a small incision near the umbilicus. Used for many surgical procedures & to diagnose endometriosis.
myomectomy excision of a fibroid tumor (muoma) from the uterus
subtotal hysterectomy excision of the uterus, excluding the cervix. This is rarely performed.
Total hysterectomy excision of the uterus (may be done abdominal, vaginal, or laparoscopic)
panhysterectomy excision of the uterus, ovaries, and uterine tubes
radical hysterectomy excision of the uterus, ovaries, uterine tubes, lymph nodes, upper portion of the vagina, and surrounding tissue
radical mastectomy - rarely called Halsted mastectomy removal of breast tissue, nipple, underlying muscle, and lymph nodes
modified radical mastectomy removal of breast tissue, nipple, and lymph nodes
simple mastectomy - called total mastectomy removal of breast tissue, and nipple
subcutaneous mastectomy removal of breast tissue, preserving the overlying skin, nipple, and areola, so it can be reconstructed.
lumpectomy - also called tylectomy removal of cancerous lesion only
ectopic pregnancy when the ovum is implanted outside the uterus rather than inside
missed abortion when the fetus has died in the uterus before completion of 22 weeks gestation, with retention in the uterus
spontaneous abortion presentation or expulsion of all or parts of the products of conception
prolonged delivery delivery for a pregnancy that has advanced beyond 42 completed weeks of gestation
preterm delivery delivery before 37 completed weeks of gestation
term delivery delivery between 38-40 completed weeks of gestation
postterm delivery delivery between 41-42 weeks of completed weeks of gestation
amnionitis inflammation of the amnion
chorioamnionitis inflammation of the chorion & amnion
choriocarcinoma cancerous tumor of the chorion
dystocia difficult labor
hysterorrhexis rupture of uterus
oligohydramnios scanty amnion water
polyhydramnios too much amnion water
aminiotic, or amnionic, sac membranous bag that surrounds the fetus
what are the 2 layers of the fetal membrane bag? chorion (outer layer) & amnion (inner layer)
microcephalus fetus with very small head
omphalitis iflammation of umbilicus
omphalocele herniation at the umbilicus
pyloric stenosis narrowed pyloric sphincter
tracheoesophageal fistula abnormal passageway between the esophagus and trachea
FAS fetal alcohol syndrome
EDD expected date of delivery
IVF in vitro fertilization - to fertilize ova outside the body & placing the zygote into the uterus
LNMP last normal menstrual period
multip multipara - many births - a woman who has given birth to 2 or more offspring
primip primipara - first birth - a woman who has givin birth to one viable offspring
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
stillborn born dead
premature infant born before 37 weeks
parturition act of giving birth
meconium first stool from newborn
lochia vaginal discharge after childbirth
lactation secretion of milk
congenital anomaly abnomality present at birth
colostrum fluid from mothers breast during pregnancy & 1st few days after birth until lactation starts
breech presentation when the baby tries to emerge in some other form other than head first
cephalic presentation when the baby emerges head first
nullipara no births - a woman who has never given birth to offspring
para birth - a woman who has given birth to a viable offspring
postnatal pertaining to after birth
postpartum after childbirth - reference to the mother
prenatal pertaining to before the birth - reference to the newborn
primigravida first pregnancy - a woman in her first pregnancy
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
puerpera childbirth - a woman who has just given birth
puerperal pertaining to immediately after childbirth
teratogen an agent that produces malformations within the developing embryo (drugs, alcohol, viruses, x-rays, etc...)
teratogenic producing malformations within the developing embryo
teratology study of malformations caused by teratogens within the developing embryo
Created by: CTUGirl