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LOM Ch 5

Review notes for Chapter 5 Language of Medicine

How many permanent teeth 32
outermost protective layer of teeth enamel
thin layer in root of teeth that protects dentin cementum
difficult or painful swallowing dysphagia
inflammation of gums, teeth, and bones periodontitis/periodontal disease
separates mouth from pharynx soft palate
inflammation of gums gingivitis
pain in a tooth dentalgia/odontalgia
pertaining to the throat pharyngeal
study of cause of illness of the gastrointestinal tract etiology
incision into the bile duct choledochotomy
disease of the small intestine enteropathy
blood condition of excessive bilirubin in the blood hyperbilirubinemia
removal of the tonsils tonsillectomy
emlargement of the liver hepatomegaly
sac under the liver gallbladder
after meals post cibum/postprandial
ring of muscle at the distal end of the stomach pyloric sphincter
salivary gland near the ear parotid gland
removal of the colon colectomy/colonectomy
enzyme produced by the pancreas amylase/lipase/protease
large organ located in the RUQ of the abdomen liver
pertaining to or containing bile biliary
anterior portion of the roof of the mouth hard palate
pigment released with bile bilirubin
inflammation of the ileum ileitis
fatty stools steatorrhea
enlarged spleen splenomegaly
fever blisters and cold sores herpatic stomatitis
peritoneal fold that surrounds intestines and attaches them to the back wall of the abdomen mesentery
a starch enzyme amylase
first part of the small intestine duodenum
third part of the small intestine ileum
organ found beyond the oral cavity and contains the esophagus pharynx
organ behind the stomach in the LUQ pancreas
procedure to make incision to remove stones from the gallbladder cholelithotomy
destruction of glycogen to produce glucose glycogenolysis/glycolysis
formation of glucose from fats and proteins gluconeogenesis
sore or lesion of mucous membrane or skin ulcer
yellow-orange coloration of the skin jaundice
lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach achlorhydria
twisting of intestine on itself volvulus
telescoping of the intestines intussusception
black stools or blood in the stools melena
painful intestines dysentery
term that relates to protrusion through muscle normally containing it hernia
hard collection of bile in the gallbladder gallstones
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen ascites
flood back - return of solids/fluids to the mouth from the stomach gastroesophageal reflux disease
turning aside-abnormal side pockets in the intestinal wall diverticulum
swollen/twisted veins around the esophagus esophageal varices
lack of appetite anorexia
nonfunctioning blind pouch hanging from the cecum appendix
organ that produces bile and excretes waste liver
glands that produce saliva and surround the oral cavity salivary glands
cavities in teeth-tooth decay dental caries
finger-like projections in the wall of the small intestines villi
folds in mucous membrane lining the stomach rugae
serves as passageway for food and air pharynx
soft tissue within the tooth pulp
controls passage from stomach/allows food to leave the stomach pyloric sphincter
organ that produces enzymes and insulin pancreas
common method of treatment for damaged gallbladder cholecystectomy
abnormal condition of the liver cirrhosis/hepatoptosis
protrusion of the stomach through the diapragm hiatal hernia
white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth oral leukoplakia
inflammation of the mouth associated with ulcers and canker sores aphthous stomatitis
pertaining to the cheek buccal
organ that stores and concentrates bile gallbladder
inflammation of the salivary glands sialadenitis
process of visually examining the stomach gastroscopy
procedure to create a new opening between the ileum and the cecum ileocycostomy
pertaining to under the tongue sublingual/subglossal
inflammation of the mouth stomatitis
hernia of the rectum rectocele
inflammation of the pancreas pancreatitis
surgical repair of the lips cheiloplasty
a salivary stone sialolith
incision of the esophagus esophagotomy
inflammation of the salivary glands sialadenitis
new opening between the colon and the rectum colorectostomy
removal of the gallbladder cholocystectomy
capillaries that carry blod to and from the liver hepatic portal system
pathway steps (17 of them)1. oral cavity
2. pharynx
3. esophagus
4. stomach (middle)
5 liver(left)
6. pancreas (right)
7. gallbladder (left under liver)
8. duodenum
9. jejunum
10. ileum
11. cecum
12. ascending colon
13. transverse colon
14. descending colon
15. sigmoid colon
16. rectum
17. anus
Created by: dlhbears