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SBGR Respiratory

SBGR ALH 165 Respiratory (2012 LS)

Alveoli Site of gas exchange between air and blood
Pharynx Throat
Nasopharynx Located between the soft palate and the internal nares
Trachea Windpipe
Larynx Cartilaginous structure that surrounds and protects the glottis
Pleura Lining of the pleural cavity
Bronchodilation Enlargement of airway diameter
Asthma Swelling and bronchoconstriction restrict airflow
Surfactant Oily secretion that forms a superficial coating over a thin layer of water to reduce surface tension
Respiration External respiration and internal respiration
Hypoxia Low tissue oxygen levels
Anoxia Supply of oxygen is cut off completely
Pneumothorax Air in the pleural cavity
Atelectasis Lung collapse
Respiratory cycle One inhalation and one exhalation
Tidal volume Amount of air you move into or out of your lungs during a single respiratory cycle
Expiratory reserve volume Amount of air that you can voluntarily expel after you have completed a normal expiration
Inspiratory reserve volume Amount of air that you can breathe in over and above the tidal volume
Vital capacity Maximum amount of air that you can move into or out of your lungs in a single respiratory cycle
Residual volume Amount of air that remains in your lungs even after a maximal exhalation
Total lung capacity Total volume of air in your lungs
Emphysema Chronic progressive condition characterized by shortness of breath and inability to tolerate physical exertion
Chronic bronchitis Long term inflammation and swelling of the bronchial lining, leading to overproduction of mucus
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) General term for three progressive disorders of the airways that restrict airflow and ventilation: asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema
Hypocapnia Abnormally low carbon dioxide level
Created by: SBGrandRapids