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thoracic vocab

thoracic surgery vocabulary

bronchoscopy direct visualization of the tracheobronchial tree following insertion of a rigid/flexible lighted scope
lung biopsy excision of a small portion of lung tissue for diagnosis
wedge resection of the lung excision of a small part from the periphery of a pulmonary lobe
pneumothorax accumulation of air/gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in the collapse of the lung on the affected side
bronchial washings secretions obtained from the bronchi for lab exam following injection & aspiration of small amts of saline
mediastinoscopy direct visualization of the mediastinal space & lymph nodes by means of a lighted scope
pleura the serous membrane enclosing the lungs & lining the walls of the thoracic cavity
decortication of the lung excision of fibrinous deposits/restrictive membranes of pleurae that interfere w/respiratory function
empyema pus in a body cavity, especially in the pleural cavity
thoracotomy an incision made into the thoracic cavity to provide access to the organs of the chest
thoracoscopy direct visualization of the pleural space, pleurae, mediastinum, pericardium & thoracic wall by means of a lighted scope
reserve air the maximum volume of air that can be expired from the resting expiratory level
hemothorax accumulation of blood/fluid in the pleural cavity caused by rupture of small blood vessels, due to trauma/inflammation of the lungs in pneumonia, pulmonary TB or a malignant growth
esophagoscopy direct visualization of the esophagus & cardiac protion of the stomach by means of a lighted scope
lobes well-defined portion of the lungs; the right lung has 3 lobes & the left lung has 2 lobes
segments of the lung small subdivisions of the lobe of the lung, separated from others by connective tissue & supplied by separate branches of the bronchus leading to the particular lobe
intercostal space space between 2 ribs
residual air the amt of air remaining in the lungs at the end of a maximum expiration
pleural effusion an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
supreasternal notch soft indentation along the midline immediately above the sternum
hypoxia lack of adequate amt of O2 in inspired air; reduced O2 content/tension
segmental resection of the lung removal of an individual bronchovascular segment of a pulmonary lobe w/ligation of segmental branches of pulmonary vessels & division of the segmental bronchus
tidal air the amt of air inhaled/exhaled during normal quiet breathing
pectus excavatum a congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression of the lower end of the sternum & costal cartilages
thoracic cavity space lying above the diaphragm & below the base of the neck
Created by: clmcnees