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A.M.A. - Abbrvs M-Z

Abbreviations and their meanings

MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin (amount of hemoglobin in each red blood cell)
MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (amount of hemoglobin per unit of blood)
MCV mean corpuscular hemoglobin volume (measurement of size of individual red cell)
mEq milliequivalent
mEq/L milliequivalent per liter (measurement of the concentration of a solution)
mets metastases
mg milligram
MI myocardial infarction; mitral insufficiency
ml milliliter
mm millimeter
mmHg millimeters of mercury
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS mitral stenosis; multiple sclerosis; morphine sulfate
MVP mitral valve prolapse
Na sodium
NB newborn
neg. negative
NG tube nasogastric tube
NPO; npo nothing by mouth (nulla per os)
O2 oxygen
OB/GYN obstetrics and gynecology
OD or O.D. right eye (oculus dexter)
Ophth. ophthalmology
OR operating room
ORTH; ortho. orthopedics
OS or O.S. left eye (oculus sinister)
os opening; mouth; bone
oz. ounce
P phosphorus; pulse
PA posteroanterior
P&A percussion and auscultation
palp. palpable; palpation
Pap smear Papanicolaou's smear
Para 1,2,3 unipara, bipara, tripara (number of viable births)
Path pathology
PA view posteroanterior view (x-ray position)
p.c. after meals (post cibum)
PDR Physicians' Desk Reference
PE physical examination
PERRLA pupils equal, round, react to light and accommodation
PET positron emission tomography
PH past history
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PKU phenylketonuria
plts. platelets
p/o postoperative
polys polymorphonuclear leukocytes
pos. positive
PPD purified protein derivative (test for tuberculosis)
preop preoperative
p.r.n. as required (pro re nata)
Pro. time prothrombin time (test of blood clotting)
PT prothrombin; physical therapy
pt. patient
PTA prior to admission
q.d. every day (quaque die)
q.i.d. four times daily (quarter in die)
q.n.s. quantity not sufficient
R;r.;rt. right
RBC red blood cell (corpuscle); red blood count
Rh rhesus (monkey) factor in blood
RLQ right lower quadrant (abdomen)
R/O rule out
RUQ right upper quadrant (abdomen)
Rx treatment; therapy; prescription
s (with a line over it) without (sine)
S-A sinoatrial
Sed. rate sedimentation rate (rate of blood sedimentation)
segs. segmented neutrophils; polys
SGOT serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (AST)
SGPT serum glutamic-pryuvic transaminase (ALT)
SOB shortness of breath
sol. solution
sp.gr. specific gravity
Staph. staphylococcus
stat. immediately (statim)
STD sexually transmitted disease
Strep. streptococcus
Subq subcutaneous
T temperature
T1, T2 first, second thoracic vertebra
T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TB tuberculosis
T cells lymphocytes produced in the thymus gland
TIA transient ischemic attack
t.i.d. three times daily (ter in die)
TPR temperature, pulse, and respiration
Tx treatment
U unit
U/A urinalysis
UGI upper gastrointestinal series (x-ray)
Ur. urine
URI upper respiratory infection
Urol. urology
u/s ultrasound
UTI urinary tract infection
VD venereal disease
VDRL Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (an antibody test, syphillis
VS vital signs
WBC;wbc white blood cell; white blood count
Wt weight
Created by: dlhbears