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Chapter 27 Notes

Chapter Twenty-Seven notes on Respiratory

atmospheric pressure pressure of air atround us
intrapleural pressure pressur within the potential pleural space between parietal and visceral pleura
intrapulmonic pressure pressure within the bronchial tree
Asthma chronic inflmmatory disease. caused by allergens (typically) or other irritants
Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) is comprised primarily of two related diseases : chronic bronchitis & emphysema
Bronchitis respiratory disease which mucouus membrane in lung's bronchial passages becomes inflamed
Emphysema long-term prgressive disease of the lung that primarily causes SOB
Common Cold is an infection of upper respiratory tract
Cystic Fibrosis chronic & progressive disease usually dx in childhood that causes mucus to become thick dry and sticky
Hay fever AKA seasonal allergic rhinitis, or pollinosis.
Influenza aka flu, illness caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract
Legionnaire's disease pneumonia or lung infection
lung cancer leading cause of cancer in both men & women
pleurisy inflammation of membrane that surrounds & protects lungs
Pneumonia inflammation of lung orlungs caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or chemical irritants
Pulmonary edema fluid accumulates in lungs, because the hearts left ventricl doesnt pump adequately(usual reason)
pulmonary embolism (PE) blood clot in the lung
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) newly Id respiratory illness that first infect people in Asia, N. America,& Europe
Sinusitis infection or inflammation of mucous membranes that line the inside of nose and sinuses
tuberculosis (TB) contagious disease caused by bacillus mycobacterium tuberculosis
hemoptysis coughing up blood
cyanosis blue-coloured complexion
Created by: Lynn Jlyn Lynn Jlyn