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LOM, 8th, Ch 1

The Language of Medicine, 8th Ed, Ch 1

-itis inflammation
hepat/o liver
ileum a part of the small intestine
ilium a part of the hip bone
urethra the tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
ureter one of two tubes each leading from a single kidney and inserting into the urinary bladder
otalgia earache
ophthalmologist eye doctor
hemat/o blood
-logy process of study
hematology process of study of blood
electr/o electricity
cardi/o heart
-gram record
electrocardiogram record of the electricity in the heart
gastr/o stomach
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
enter/o intestines
gastroenterology process of study of the stomach and intestines
root foundation of a term
suffix word ending
prefix word beginning
combining vowel vowel (usually O) that links the root to the suffix or the root to another root
combining form combination of the root and the combining vowel
aden/o gland
adenoma tumor of a gland
-oma tumor or mass
arthr/o joint
adenitis inflammation of a gland
arthritis inflammation of a joint
bi/o life
biology process or condition of studying life
log/o study
-y process or condition
biopsy process or condition of viewing living tissue under a microscope
-opsy process of viewing
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
carcinoma cancerous tumor
What type of tissue do carcinomas grow from? Epithelial (surface or skin) cells that cover the outside of the body and line organs, cavities, and tubes within the body.
cardiology process or condition of studying the heart
cephal/o head
-ic pertaining to
cephalic pertaining to the head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
What is the largest part of the brain? cerebrum
CVA cerebrovascular accident
-al pertaining to
vascul/o blood vessels
cerebrovascular accident A cerebrovascular accident (CVA) occurs when damage to blood vessels in the cerebrum causes injury to nerve cells of the brain. This condition is also called a stroke.
What is another term for cerebrovascular accident? stroke
What is another term for stroke? CVA (cerebrovascular accident)
cis/o to cut
incision the process of cutting into
-ion process
in- into
ex- out
excision the process of cutting out
crin/o to secrete (to form and give off)
secrete to form and give off
endo- within
What are the endocrine glands? Glands that secrete hormones directly within (into) the blood stream.
List the endocrine glands: thyroid, pituitary, adrenal
What are the exocrine glands? Glands that secrete chemicals (e.g., saliva, sweat, tears) through tubes (ducts) to the outside of the body.
List 3 kinds of chemicals secreted by the exocrine glands: saliva, sweat, tears
cyst/o 1. urinary bladder; 2. a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
cyst a sac containing fluid
-scopy process or condition of visual examination
cyt/o cell
cytology the process or condition of studying cells
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
What are the 3 general rules of basic word structure? 1. Read from the suffix back to the beginning of the term and across.2. Drop the combining vowel (usually o) before a suffix beginning with a vowel.3. Keep the combining vowel between 2 roots.
ECG electrocardiogram
EKG electrocardiogram
EEG electroencephalogram
electroencephalogram record of the electricity in the brain
subgastric pertaining to under the stomach
epigastric pertaining to above the stomach
epi- above
sub- under
encepha/o brain
Created by: Gayle Z