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Chondr/o cartilage
Arthr/o joint
Inguin/o groin
Pelv/i pelvis
Neur/o nerve
Cephal/o head
Hemat/o blood
Angi/o vessel
Cyt/o cell
Son/o sound
Tom/o to cut
Ped/o feet, kid
Umbilic/o umbilicus, naval
Coccyg/o coccyx
Esthesi/o sensation
Vertebr/o vertebrae
Crani/o cranium, skull
Ili/o ilium
Dist/o far, farthest
Thorac/o chest
Fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
Viscer/o internal organs
Ventr/o belly, belly side
Caud/o tail
Dors/o back
Fluor/o luminous, fluorescence
Sarc/o flesh
Path/o disease
Oste/o bone
Medi/o middle
Append/o appendix
Therapeut/o treatment
Immun/o immune
Later/o side, to one side
Sacr/o sacrum
Vascul/o vessel
My/o muscle
Psych/o mind
Anter/o anterior, front
Cardi/o heart
Lumb/o loins
Spin/o spine
Proxim/o near, nearest
Poster/o back, behind, posterior
-metry act of measuring
-osis abnormal condition, increase
-megaly enlargement
-gram record, writing
-graph instrument for recording
-dynia pain
-plasia formation, growth
-rrhexis rupture
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ile pertaining to
-ory pertaining to
-ose pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-lysis separation, destruction, loosening
-cele hernia, swelling
-penia decrease, deficiency
-rrhagia forth
-algia pain
-stomy forming an opening
-scope instrument to view or examine
-iasis abnormal condition
-iatry medicine, treatment
-ase enzyme
-desis binding, fixation
-ia condition
-ism condition
-y condition
-trophy development, nourishment
-plasm formation, growth
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-pexy suspension, fixation
-emia blood condition
-stenosis narrowing, stricture
-lucent to shine, clear
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhea discharge, flow
-tripsy crushing
-scopy visual examination
-oma tumor
-meter instrument for measuring
-clasis to break
-emesis vomiting
-rrhage bursting
-centesis surgical puncture
-lith stone, calculus
-edema swelling
-toxic poison
-tomy incision
-ectomy excision, removal
-rrhaphy suture
-spasm involuntary contraction, twitching
-graphy process of recording
-itis inflammation
-ician specialist
-ist specialist
-malacia softening
-pathy disease
-opaque obscure
Peri- around
Dys- bad, painful, difficult
Circum- around
Poly- much, many
Sub- under, below
Dia- through, across
Para- near, beside, beyond
An- without, not
a- without, not
hypo- under, below
post- after, behind
hyper- excessive, above normal
supra- above, excessive
Epi- above, upon
Tachy- rapid
Brady- slow
Syn- union, together, joined
Ad- toward
Intra- in, within
Im- not
Neo- new
Infra- under, below
Iso- same, equal
Micro- small
Dipl- double
Endo- in, within
Inter- between
Trans- through, across
Echo- repeated sound
In- in, not
Pseudo- false
Macro- large
Ab- from, away from
Retro- backward, behind
Ultra- excess, beyond
Deep Away from the surface
External Outside, exterior to
Internal within, interior to
Superficial toward or on the surface
Inferior below; toward the tail
Superior above; toward the head
Prone lying flat on the abdomen with the head turned slightly to the side with arms with above the head and extended or alongside the body
Supine lying flat on the back with arms at the sides or above the head
Diaphragm A thick muscular wall that separated the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities.
barium sulfate A contrast medium used in diagnostic contrast studies of the gastrointestinal (GI) system.
catheter A hollow, flexible tube that can be inserted into a vessel or cavity of the body to inject or remove fluids.
coldspot Light shades of gray on a scan that indicate a decreased uptake of a radiopharmaceutical substance.
contrast medium A substance that is injected into the body, via catheter or swallowed, to facilitate radiographic imaging of internal structures that otherwise are difficult to visualize on x-ray films.
hotspot Darker shades of gray on a scan that indicate an increased uptake of a radiopharmaceutical substance.
radiation Emission of x-rays from a common source; used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
radioisotope A radioactive isotope of an element; used for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes.
radiopharmaceutical Radioactive chemical occurring either as an individual element or as an element attached to another substance called a carrier. It is used in testing the location, sixe, outline, or function of tissues, organs, vessels, or body fluids.
Created by: dmg