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LOM Chapter 18

Review notes for Chapter 18 Language of Medicine

QuestionAnswer
Diabetes Mellitus hypo pancreas
Cushing's disease hyper adrenal cortex
Tetany hypo parathyroid
Gigantism hyper adenohypophysis
Addison's disease hypo adrenal cortex
Endemic goiter hypo thyroid
Graves' disease hyper thyroid
Diabetes insipidus hypo neurohypophysis
Acromegaly hyper adenohypophysis
Cretinism hypo thyroid
Myxedema hypo thyroid
Pheochromocytoma hyper adrenal medulla
Oxytocin neurohypophysis
Testosterone testes
Progesterone ovaries
Glucagon alpha cells of the islet of Langerhans in the pancreas
Prolactin anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Cortisol adrenal cortex
Thyroxine thyroid gland
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone adenohypophysis
Vasopressin neurohypophysis
Gonadotropic Hormones anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
PRL prolactin
GH growth hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
LH luteinizing hormone
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
PTH parathyroid hormone
Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica excessive production of parathyroid hormone causing hyperparathyroidism
Diabetes insipidus insufficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone
Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone excessive secretion of antidiuretic hormone
Dwarfism congenital hyposecretion of growth hormone
Pheochromocytoma benign tumor of the adrenal medulla
Diabetes Mellitus lack of insulin secretion
Panhypopituitarism all pituitary hormones are deficient
Goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
Hypoparathyroidism deficient production of parathyroid hormone
Hyperinsulinism excessive secretion of insulin
Removal of adrenal glands adrenalectomy
Excessive amount of sugar in the blood hyperglycemia
Excessive sodium in the blood hypernatremia
Enlargement of the thyroid gland with protruding eyeballs Graves' disease or exophthalmia
Pertaining to producing milk lactogenic
Inflammation of the thyroid gland thyroiditis
Excessive calcium in the blood hypercalcemia
Sugar in the urine glycosuria
Much thirst polydipsia
Removal of the thymus gland thymectomy
Condition of deficiency of the sex organs hypogonadism
Pertaining to the hypophysis or pituitary gland hypophyseal
Excessive secretion & discharge of urine polyuria
Thyrotoxicosis is caused by - hyperthyroidism
Exophthalmus means - abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
What is affected by antidiuretic hormone - volume of urine excreted
Goiter means - enlarged thyroid
What is somatotropin - substance that stimulates the body growth
Hypogonadism means - decreased functional activity of the sexual organs
Adrenocorticotropic hormone does what - stimulates the adrenal cortex
Myxedema does what to who - causes hypothyroidism in adults
Oxytocin is what - hormone that causes uterine contractions and stimulates the mammary glands
Parathormone produced by parathyroid glands does what - regulates calcium & phosphorous metabolism
which of four listed hormones is NOT secreted by adrenal cortex cortisol, aldosterone, estrogen, and androgen are secreted so know these and get the right answer
Cushing's syndrome is caused by ____ secretion of what - hyper adrenal cortex
Another name for antidiuretic hormone vasopressin
Ductless gland located in the mediastinum thymus gland
Hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland and stimulates the growth of the thyroid gland thyroid-stimulating hormone
Hormone secreted by the thyroid and increases metabolism thyroxine
Continuous contractions of muscles tetany
Pituitary growth hormone somatotropin
Hormone secreted by adenohypophysis and stimulates milk production prolactin
Endocrine gland in the middle of the brain pineal gland
Tendency of an organism to maintain a constant internal environment homeostasis
Name one hormone produced by the islets of Langerhans insulin
name the other hormone produced by the islets of Langerhans glucagon
Test that measures patient's ability to utilize glucose in the body glucose tolerance test
Hormone that stimulates hormone secretion and egg production by the ovaries follicle-stimulating hormone
Test that determines circulating glucose (sugar) level after a patient fasts for 4 hours fasting blood sugar
Hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland that increases water reabsorption antidiuretic hormone
One of the hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex cortisol, aldesterone, estrogen, and/or androgen
Female hormone secreted by the ovaries that prepare uterus for pregnancy progesterone
Substance derived from cortisol cortisone
Created by: dlhbears on 2010-04-22



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