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Behavioral Medicine

coping style: more passive style, avoid unpleasant feelings, aim is palliative, methods of prayer, distraction/preoccupy mind, belief in God emotion focused
coping style: active, attempts to reduce distress by changing the situation, obtaining information, methods of determination, self education and self discipline problem focused
gender differences in coping styles males used fewer numbers of coping methods, males used fewer emotion focused methods, males reported more self-management "success" stories
coping style of whites/non-Latino used more problem focused methods
coping style of African Americans used more emotion focused methods
difference found in self management success between races no difference, however as use of problem focused methods increased so did diabetic control
necessary coping skills realistic expectations, proactive efforts, request help, handle strong emotions, participate, live in the present, value what is good
factors that affect chronic illness adjustment severity of the illness, social support, financial/socioeconomics, mental health/personality of patient prior to illness, prior experience with chronic illness
stages of chronic illness crisis, isolation, anger, reconstruction, intermittent depression, renewal
general adaptation syndrome to stress alarm phase, resistance phase, exhaustion phase
the stress response alarm phase results in __ increased heart rate, elevation of BP, increased respiratory rate, mibilization of energy to muscle, shut down "non-essential" functions
the stress response resistance phase long term effects chronic secretion of stres hormones leads to: susceptibility to infection, increased risk for multiple illnesses/disorders, emotional distress
on the social readjustment rating scale getting married was __ points 50
on the social readjustment rating scale getting divorced was __ points 85
on the social readjustment rating scale death of a spouse was __ points 100
life changing events are associated with __ heart disease, fractures, childhood leukemia, performance deficits, acute schizophrenia, depression and suicide
effect of adrenaline releases sugars and increases heart rate
effect of norepinephrine increases blood pressure and heart rate
effect of cortisol regualtes blood pressure and body use of proteins, carbs and fat
chronic stress may shorten a person's life expectancy by __ years 15-20
chronic stress stimulates __ cravings sweet
sleep deprivation is associated with slowed healing, decreased pain tolerance, increase susceptibility to infection, increased apathy, fatigue and poor judgment
HALT stands for Hungry, angry, lonely, tired
stress tip-attend to basics consists of exercise, nutrition, adequate sleep, moderated alcohol and caffeine consumption
stress tip--practice the relaxation response consists of focus on one thing (breathing), be non-judgmental regarding wandering mind, regular time and place to practice
stress tip--be in the present consists of mindfulness, use five senses, cue controlled relaxation
stress tip--breathing consists of you really don't know?
stress tip--optimize social support consists of friendships, church/synagogue/mosque, significant others, support groups
__ more potent indicator of cardiovascular outcomes than job stress for women marital stress
good __ help fend of heart disease, arthritis, and other illnesses by reducing harmful inflammation relationships
stress tip--be a fundamentalist consists of schedule something for fun at least once a week
stress tip--use music therapeutically helps to __ reduce anxiety, lower heart rate, decrease bp, reduce pain, improve mood, facilitate concentration and memory
stress tip--journal writing writing about experiences and associated emotions for as little as 15 minutes over 3 days bring about robust health improvements. Improved immune function, mood, kidney function and reduced physician visists
stress tip--be a positive thinker thoughts create feelinds, identify self-dialogue, strengthen rational voice, practice positive imaging
belief that bad events will last a long time, catastrophize, undermining of self, bad events are the fault of someone pessimism
belief that bad events are just a temporary setback, positive take on reality, defeat is not my fault, unfazed by defeat optimism
predictors of successful aging optimism, ability to postpone gratification, altruism, future-mindedness, humor
stress tip--spend time in nature go outside (ground breaking stuff!)
stress tip--humor I would try to put something funny here but I just don't think it would be appropriate, we are trying to learn here!
stress tip--develop a sense of purpose what is really important, the greater the sense of purpose the lower the levels of harmful stress hormones and harmful protein in our bodies
ecclesiogenic depression depression related to religious beliefs, harsh religious beliefs may be harmful to individuals
what are the 12 stress reduction tips basics, relaxation response, breath, mindfulness, social support, fun, music, journal, be positive, nature, humor, perspective
Created by: Adam Barnard Adam Barnard