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TED 120 Vocab

Key vocabulary words

AAC Advanced Audio Coding is a standarized compression and encoding scheme for digital audio. Designed to be the successor of the MP3 format, AAC generally achieves better sound quality than MP3 at similar bit rates.
Apps Application software is computer software designed to help the user perform a particular task. Such programs are also called software applications, applications or apps (Apps 2.0 is for mobile devices).
Back up To create a duplicate copy on another storage medium for use in case the original copy is lost.
Bandwidth The carrying capacity (size of the "roadway") of electronic transmission Media for sending and receiving information.
Beta Nickname for software, which has passed the alpha (beta is the second letter in the Greek alphabet) testing stage of development and has been released to a limited number of users for software testing before its official release.
Blog A web site where you write substance (such as a journal or diary) in a reverse chronological order. New substance show up at the top, so your visitors can read what's new.
Bluetooth Intended to unify different technologies like PDAs (personal digital assistants), mobile phones, laptops, PCs, printers, & digital cameras via a secure, low-cost, globally available short range frequency.
BMP Bit-Map: Oldest format for saving images on a computer. Good for saving a background orwallpaper. A bitmap is characterized by the width and height of the image in pixels and the number of bits per pixel.
Bookmarks A collection of URLs that have been saved by using the bookmark function of the browser, allowing the user to go to a desired web page again without having to retype its URL; alsoknown as favorites.
Booting Up The process of powering on a computer during which it reads the instructions stored in the ROM to tell it how to start itself up.
Browser A web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with HTML documents hosted by web servers. (Explorer, Mozilla, Firefox, etc.)
Byte Eight bits (on-off pulses) of data, roughly equal to one alphabetical (A) or numeric (1)character of information.
Cable Modem A specialized modem that provides high-speed connections for digital access viacable lines that are already installed for cable television. Users can use speeds up to 100 to 1000times faster than is possible with a standard modem and a telephone line.
CD-R Compact Disc-Recordable: A type of compact disc on which the user can record (write)data. Once recorded, the data cannot be changed. Each disc is capable of storing approximately 600 megabytes of data (text, sound, graphics, animation, or video).
CD-R/W Compact Disc/Rewritable: A type of compact disc that allows the user to record many times and to change the data stored on the CD.
Clip Art A term that is carried over from the days of manual page layout, but now refers to collections of prepared artwork that can be inserted into electronic documents.
Cookies They are tiny text files embed on the user's hard drive that internet businesses employed to track their users freely; giving them the profitability per unique visitor.
CSS Cascading Style Sheets: allow you to control the layout and look of your web page easily. CSS properties are easy to use and affect the look while adding style to your web documents.
Desktop Publishing (DTP) Software Software that can not only perform typical word-processing tasks, but also make extensive and precise adjustments to page displays, such as creating an attractive arrangement of graphics and text on a page.
Digital Camera A camera that takes pictures and stores them digitally rather than on photographicfilm. Photos are stored in the camera’s memory card or on a disk inside the camera and then transferred to a computer for processing or display.
Digital Divide A descriptive term referring to the gap between those who have ready access to and knowledge of digital technologies and those who do not.
Digital Native/Immigrant Terms used to describe those people born into the technologyage/generation as opposed to those born in the 70’s who had to make the transition/shift to technology.
DOS Disk Operating System: A term used to format a floppy disk for use in a digital camera.
DPI Dots Per Inch: A measure of resolution in printers and some other output devices
Drill-and-Practice-Software Software that uses a behaviorist format that offers rewards following successful completion of routine exercises.
Electronic Guidebook Grading tools that let a teacher store and easily average students’ grades.
Electronic Mail An asynchronous communication method in which a written message can be sent from one user to another; messages can include extended attachments enhancing the original message with animated graphics, audio, and compressed video clips in addition to text.
ERIC National information system; world’s largest database of education information, with more than one million abstracts of documents and journal articles, many available through the Internet.
Firewall A combination of software and hardware that provides various levels of security measures designed to keep computer hackers out of networks and to keep data safe.
Flatbed Scanner A scanner with a flat glass plate on which the original is placed (allowing the user to scan a page from a book); a cover can then be placed over the back of the original to blockambient light during the scan process.
Flashstick or Thumb Drive It is a computer hardware device that stores data. Also known as "memory sticks"; they’re cable of holding large amounts of data (+500 MB) and plugs into the USB port.
Folder A digital organizer that is created by the user to hold related files on a disk; also known as a directory in non-Windows operating systems.
GIF Graphic Interchange Format: A graphics format that is used primarily for animated art, color images, clip art, line art, and gray-scale images.
Gigabyte Approximately 1 billion bytes of data or characters of data.
Hard Copy The printed version of material generated by a computer. It is the most common output of a computer other than what appears on the monitor screen.
Home Page On a web site, a welcome page that orients the visitor to the site and provides a connection to additional information pages.
Hyper Text Markup Language HTML: The formatting language that is used to determine how the information presented on web pages will look.
Hyperlink A graphic or segment of text on a web page that contains instructions to link to another web page or a different web site.
Icon A small graphic image that represents one of a GUI's system operations.
Instructional Action Plan IAP: A template in which the teacher is prompted to list lesson requirements and to detail what he or she will need for successful implementation.
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group: The agreed-upon standard for high-resolution images; pronounced "jay-peg."
Keyboard The primary input device for a computer. A typical computer keyboard is laid out much like the keys on the typewriter but with several additional keys, not typically found on a typewriter, that are used to control the computer or give software commands.
Kilobyte Approximately 1000 bytes or 1000 characters of data.
LCD Liquic Crystal Display: A display screen made of two sheets of a flexible polarizing material with a layer of liquid crystal solution between the two.
Link A connection to another point on the web, either on the same document, on a different page of the site, or on another web site altogether.
Megabyte 1 million bytes or 1,000,000 characters of data.
Megapixel The term megapixel means 1,000,000+ pixels. More pixels mean higher resolution, better quality, as well as a physically larger picture and a file that takes up a large amount of disk storage space.
Memory A series of RAM chips that provides temporary, volatile electronic storage that is used by the CPU to store short-term data.
Menu A listing of command options. In the Windows and Mac operating systems, command menus appear across the top of open windows.
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface: It is an industry-standard protocol that enables electronic musical instruments, computers, cell phones, and other equipment to communicate, control, and synchronize with each other
Monitor The primary output device of a computer that displays its information on its screen. Monitor screens typically have higher resolution that TV screens.
Mouse A pointing device that rolls about on the user’s desk. It is often called a “work-alike” device because it moves the cursor on the computer screen in the same direction that the user moves the mouse on the desk.
MOV The file type of one of the most popular digital video formats; it is known as QuickTime, and the file type is abbreviated as MOV for “movie.”
MP3 Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer 3: An audio compression technology that provides high-quality sound in one twelfth of the space that the same sound would take in previous formats of audio files.
MP4 MPEG-4 is a multimedia container format standard that is most commonly used to store digital audio and digital video streams; it is often referred to simply as MP4.
Navigation Buttons Connections/links to other locations on the same or a different web site; they are usually colored/underlined words/graphics, and when passed over with a cursor, the cursor arrow turns into a pointing hand, indicating something that can be clicked on.
Open Source Software OSS: computer software for which the source code is made available under a copyright license for the public domain. An OSS license grants rights to users, which would otherwise be prohibited by copyright laws
Password A combination of letters and numerals that a user must enter along the the login name as a second level of security.
PDF Files Portable document files that have been saved in Adobe Acrobat format so that the publication appears exactly as it would look on the printed page, including custom layouts/photos/other graphics; files require the use of Acrobat Reader to display them.
Phishing Usually a 2-part scam involving an email & fraudulent website. Fraudsters send emails urging customers to click on a link, directing them to a website requesting confidential account & personal info. Info captured is submitted to the fraudster
Pixel The smallest unit of information in an image. Each pixel represents a portion of the image in a specific color. The term pixel stands for “picture element.”
PICT Pict/Pct/Pic: graphics file format introduced on the original Apple Macintosh computer in 1984 as its standard file format
PNG Portable Network Graphic: an extensible file format for the loss less, portable, well compressed storage of images. PNG provides a patent-free replacement for GIF and can also replace many common uses of TIFF.
Podcasting Term coined in 2004 when the use of RSS syndication technologies became popular for distributing audio content for listening on mobile devices (iPods) and personal computers. It's a web feed of audio/video files placed online for anyone to subscribe to
Port A connection on a computer into which periperal devices can be plugged
Portal A site on the Internet that offers an assortment of services, such as a search engine, news, email, conferencing, electronic shopping, and chat rooms.
PSD Photoshop Document: Allows you to reopen the image and continue work exactly where you left off. Extremely memory intensive, but it allows you to modify or continually update it at a later date.
RAM Random-Access Memory: The series of chips that make up a computer system’s temporary memory area. This area empties when the application is closed and fills up again when the user opens a new application.
ROM Read Only Memory: The initial instructions for computer start-up are stored inside the computer in these ROM tiny silicon chips.
Resolution/Size Resolution means the quality of the photo that you are taking. DPI, or Dots PerInch, means the number of dots per square inch on your photo; the higher the DPI the clearer the photo and larger the file size.
RSS (file format) Really Simple Syndication: allows Internet users to subscribe to websites that have provided RSS feeds; these are typically sites that change or add content regularly
Search Engine A special program on the Internet that allows the user to type in keywords to look for online material that contains those words or topics.
Soft Copy Data that is still in an electronic form within the computer. Soft copy is volatile; it will disappear when power to the machine is cut off.
Software Computer programs created to accomplish specific tasks or perform specific functions
Storage A nonvolatile, electronic space on a magnetic or optical disc that the computer can use to store instructions and data for use at a later time.
Storyboarding technique used to plan video sequence by sketching each of the main planned image ideas (and script if desired), 1 per card, to allow planner to consider the relationships of the video images/sound/use & positioning (staging) of props & revise as desired
Streaming Audio An audio technology for the web that sends audio in a continuous stream or flow to allow the user to listen to the audio as it is received by the browser.
Streaming Video A video technology that compresses and plays back digital video that is sent in a continuous stream, allowing the user to view the video clip while it is being downloaded over the Internet.
SWF Shockwave Flash: file format pronounced "swiff"; under the control of Adobe. Intended to be small enough for publication on the web, SWF files can be used for creating animated display graphics, menus for DVD movies and television commercials.
Terabyte A terabyte (derived from the prefix tera) is a measurement term for data storage capacity. The value of a terabyte is defined as one trillion bytes, or 1000 gigabytes.
TIFF Tagged-Image File Format: used for high quality publications because there is no color bleed. High file size, but a great format if you want to publish a picture as a high quality hard copy print.
Uniform Resource Locator URL: The address for a web page (the designation for a specific location) on the World Wide Web; the most common type of URL typically begins with http://www followed by a web site’s domain name.
Universal Serial Bus USB: Just about any computer you buy today comes with one or more USB connectors on the front/back. These connectors allow you to connect anything from mice, to printers, to digital camera, speakers, telephones, etc. to you computer quickly and easily.
Video Camera camera that records sound and images on magnetic tape that can be played back by using a VCR. Also called a camcorder (camera and recorder).
Videocassette Recorder VCR: type of recorder that uses a VHS magnetic tape for recording moving images and can also record video as it is being transmitted for delayed playback. Prerecorded tapes can be played in class and stopped for discussion when desired
Virus A program written specifically to disrupt computer operation and/or destroy data
Vlog A video blog is a blog (short for weblog) which uses video as the primary content; the video is linked to within a videoblog post and usually accompanied by supporting text, image, and additional meta data to provide context
WAV File The digital version of analog audio. WAV files maintain the quality of the original sound, but the file size is often very large.
Web 2.0 refers to what is perceived as a second generation of web development and web design. It is characterized as facilitating communication, information sharing, user-centered design and collaboration on the WWW
Web Hosting service by which the user can upload the pages of a web site to the web host server, usually via an FTP program, which then makes the site available on the web; such services can be free or charge a monthly or annual fee.
Web Page A document written in HTML that displays information for use on the web and may contain a series of hyperlinks to other resources on the web.
Web Site A collection of related web pages, frames or sheets.
Wireless Network A network in which information is transmitted via infrared, radio wave, or microwave technology rather than through wires
WIKI WIKI is a piece of server software that allows users to freely create and edit Web page content using any Web browser. It’s can be thought of as a combination of a Web site and a Word document
Wii Remote "Wiimote" wireless controller: main feature of Wii Remote is its motion sensing capability, allowing user to interact with & manipulate items on screen via gesture recognition & pointing through the use of accelerometer & optical sensor technology
WiMax Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access is a telecommunications technology that provides wireless transmission for entire cities. The technology provides broadband speed without the need for cables
World Wide Web The part of the Internet that uses a graphical user interface and hypertext links between different addresses to allow easier navigation from one site of interest to another.
WY-FI (pronounced wye-fye) It is a wireless technology brand owned by the Wi-Fi Alliance intended to improve the interoperability of wireless local area network products.
XML Extensible Markup Language: recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data. Primary purpose is to facilitate sharing of data across different systems.
Zip Drive It is a computer hardware device that stores data. A zip disk drive is somewhat like a floppy disk drive, only that the size of disks inserted into the devices are different and the storage capacity of a zip is much (+750) larger.
Created by: jmsheri12