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Ch 16 17

The Language of Medicine

Anisocoria pupils are on equal insides
Papilledema swelling fluid accumulation in the back of the eye
Photophobia sensitivity to light
Scotoma blind spot
Semicircular canals passages in the inner ear associated with equilibrium
Cerumen waxy substance secreted by the external ear
Perilymph and endolymph auditory fluids of the inner ear
Tympanic membrane eardrum
Vertigo sensation of irregular or whirling motion; dizziness
Otosclerosis hardening of the bony tissue in the middle ear
Tinnitus ringing in the ears
Labyrinthitis inflammation of the inner ear
Myringitis inflammation of the ear drum
Supparative otitis media inflammation of the middle ear with pus
Mastoiditis inflammation of mastoid bone
Acoustic neroma benign tumor of the acoustic nerve in the brain
Cholesteatoma collection of skin cells and cholesterol in a sac within the middle ear
Presbyopia decrease vision in old age
Myopia near sightedness
Diplopia double vision
Amblyopia lazy eye
Hyperopia farsightedness
Emmetropia normal vision
OU each eye of both eyes
OD right eye
OS left eye
PERRLA Pupils Equal round Reactive to Light and Accommodation
C gl with glasses
S gl without glasses
VF visual field
AS left ear
ENG Electronystagmography
EENT Eyes Ears Nose and Throat
AD right ear
ENT Ear Nose and Throat
A fat cell is a lipocyte
The half moon shaped white area at the base of a nail is called the lunula
A structural protein found in skin and connective tissue is collagen
A black pigment found in the epidermis is melanin
The deepest region of the epidermis is the basal layer
The outermost layer of the epidermis, consisting of flattened keratinized cells is the stratum corneum
An oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands is sebum
The middle layer of the skin is the corium or dermis
A hard, protein material found in epidermis hair, and nails is keratin
A band of epidermis at the base and side of the nail plate is the cuticle
Two skin tests for allergy are patch and scratch
A surgical procedure to core out a disk of skin for microscopic analysis is a punch biopsy
The procedure in which thin layers of malignant growth are removed and each is microscopically analyzed is moh’s surgery
Moles that do not form properly and maqy progress to form melanomas are called dysplastic nevi
Outermost layer of the skin epidermis
Profuse sweating diaphoresis
Excessive secretion from sebaceous glands seborrhea
Inflammation and swelling of soft tissue around a nail paronychia
Fungal infection of hands and feet is called dermatomycoses
Burning sensation (pain) in the skin causalgia
Surgical repair of the skin dermoplasty
Pertaining to under the skin subcutaneous
Abnormal condition of lack of sweat anhidrosis
Abnormal condition of proliferation of keratinized cells keratosis
Abnormal condition of dry, scaly skin ichthyosis
Loosening of the epidermis epidermolysis
Yellow tumor (nodule under the skin) xanthoma
Under the nail subungual
Abnormal condition of nail fungus onychomycosis
Contagious parasitic infection with intense pruritus scabies
White patches on mucous membrane of tongue or cheed leukoplakia
Characterized by a rash exanthemateous
Colored pigmentation of the skin (mole) nevus
Acute, allergic reaction in which hives develop urticaria
Large blisters bullae
Raised, thickened scar keloid
Chickenbox varicella
Sac of fluid and hair over the sacral region of the back pilondial cyst
Baldness alopecia
Itching pruritus
Blackhead comedo
Loss of pigment in skin albinism
Small, pinpoint hemorrhages petechia
Region of the back of the eye where the retina meets the optic nerve is optic disk
The normal adjustment of the lens to bring an object into focus is accommodation
A yellowish region on the retina lateral to the optic disk is macula lutea
Bending of light rays by the cornea, lens, and fluids of the eye is refraction
Photosensitive receptor cells in the retina that makes color perception possible are cones
Photosensitive receptor cells that make vision in dim light possible are rods
Inflammation of an eyelid blepharitis
Inflammation of the cornea keratitis
Inflammation of the iris iritis
Inflammation of the conjunctiva conjunctivitis
Pertaining to within the eye intraocular
Removal of the thrird bone in of the middle ear stapedectomy
Instrument to measure hearing audiometer
Deafness due to old age presbycusis
Inflammation of the middle ear otitis media
Surgical repair of the eardrum myringoplasty
Created by: fallsummerspring