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MMTC Med Term Ch13

Miller Motte Technical College Chapter 13, Urinary System

albumin/o protein
bacteri/o bacteria
cyst/o, vesic/o bladder or sac
dips/o thirst
glomerul/o glomerulus (small ball)
gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o glucose (sugar)
ket/o, keton/o ketone bodies
lith/o stone
meat/o meatus (opening)
nephr/o, ren/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis (basin)
py/o pus
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
ur/o, urin/o urine
kidneys two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that filter blood and secrete impurities, forming urine
nephron microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidney cells and capillaries, each of which is capable of forming urine
urinary bladder sac that holds the urine
urethra single canal that carries urine to the outside of the body
urethral meatus opening in the urethra to the outside of the body
urine fluid produced by the kidneys, containing water and waste products
urea waste product formed in the liver, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine
creatinine waste product of muscle metabolism, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine
anuria absence of urine formation
dysuria painful urination
enuresis involuntary discharge of urine, usually referring to a lack of bladder control
nocturnal enuresis bed
glucosuria,glycosuria glucose (sugar) in the urine
hematuria presence of blood in the urine
incontinence involuntary discharge of urine or feces
stress urinary incontinence (SUI) involuntary discharge of urine with coughing, sneezing, and/or strained exercise
nocturia urination at night
oliguria scanty production of urine
polyuria condition of excessive urination
pyuria presence of white cells in the urine, usually indicating infection
urinary retention retention of urine resulting from an inability to void (urinate) naturally because of spasm or obstruction
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
nephrolithiasis presence of a renal stone or stones
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urinary tract infection (UTI) invasion of pathogenic organisms (commonly bacteria) in the urinary tract, especially the urethra and bladder; symptoms include dysuria, urinary frequency, and malaise
cystoscopy examination of the bladder using a rigid or flexible cystoscope
intravenous pyelogram (IVP) x-ray image of the urinary tract obtained after an iodine contrast medium has been injected into the bloodstream; the contrast passes through the kidney and may reveal an obstruction, evidence of trauma, etc.
kidneys, ureters, bladder (KUB) abdominal x-ray image of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder; typically used as a scout film before obtaining an intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
urinalysis (UA) physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
specific gravity (SpGr) measure of the concentration or dilution of urine
pH measure of the acidity or alkalinity of urine
glucose chemical test used to detect sugar in the urine; most often used to screen for diabetes
albumin (alb) chemical test used to detect the presence of albumin in the urine
protein,ketones chemical test used to detect the presence of ketone bodies in the urine; positive test indicates that fats are being used by the body instead of carbohydrates, which occurs during starvation or an uncontrolled diabetic state
urine culture and sensitivity (C&S) isolation of a urine specimen in a culture medium to propagate the growth of microorganisms; organisms that grow in the culture are identified, as are drugs to which they are sensitive
blood urea nitrogen (BUN) blood test to determine the level of urea in the blood; a high BUN indicates the inability of one or both kidneys to excrete urea
creatinine, serum est to determine the level of creatinine in the blood; useful in assessing kidney function
nephrotomy incision into the kidney
nephrolithotomy incision into the kidney for the removal of stones
nephrectomy excision of a kidney
stent placement use of a device (stent) to hold open vessels or tubes (e.g., an obstructed ureter)
kidney dialysis methods of filtering impurities from the blood, replacing the function of one or both kidneys lost in renal failure
hemodialysis method of removing impurities by pumping the patient's blood through a dialyzer, the specialized filter of the artificial kidney machine (hemodialyzer)
peritoneal dialysis method of removing impurities using the peritoneum as the filter; a catheter inserted in the peritoneal cavity delivers cleansing fluid (dialysate) that is washed in and out in cycles
urinary catheterization methods of placing a tube into the bladder to drain or collect urine
straight catheter a type of catheter that is inserted through the urethra into the bladder to relieve urinary retention or to collect a sterile specimen of urine for testing; the catheter is removed immediately after the procedure
Foley catheter indwelling catheter inserted through the urethra and into the bladder that includes a collection system allowing urine to be drained into a bag; the catheter can remain in place for an extended period
suprapubic catheter indwelling catheter inserted directly in the bladder through an abdominal incision above the pubic bone that includes a collection system that allows urine to be drained into a bag; used in patients requiring long
diuretic drug that increases the secretion of urine
Created by: evinsmc