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Nutrition Carb Fats

Nutrition - Carb and Fats Quiz

What is the major function of carbohydrates? Provide heat & Energy
What is the major building block of a carbohydrate (CHO)? Glucose
How many calores of energy do we getfrom carbohydrates? 4 calories per gram
What are the tree groups of carbohydrates? Monosacoharides - Disaccharibes - Polysaccharides
Which carb is referred to as a simple sugar? Monosacoharides
What are some examples of a Monosacoharides or 'simple sugar' carb? Glucose - Fruictose - Galactuse
Which carb is referred to as a double sugar? Disaccharides
What are some examples of a disaccharides or 'double sugar' carb? Sucrose - Maltose - Lactose
Which carb is referred to as a complex carb? Polysaccharides
What are some examples of Polysaccharides or 'complex carbs'? Starches - Grains
What are two ways we store extra glucose? 1 - Covert to glycogen & store in the liver & muscle; 2 - Convert it to fat and store it in the adipose tissue
Which values would indicate a high glycemic index? 70 or higher
Which value would indicate a low glycamic index? 55 or lower
Define glycemic index - How fast does the carb raise a persons blood sugar; Complex are the slowest
Which type of fiber lowers cholesterol? Water soluble
Give some examples of water soluble fiber - Oat Bran - Peas - Beans - Fruit
Which type of fiber helps with elimination? Insoluble
Give some examples of fiber that help with elimination - Whole grains - Beans
What is a whole grain? A grain that has all its componants
What is the recommended daily CHO intake? 555 - 57% of total daily calories
What is the reommended daily intake of fiber? 20 - 35 grams of fiber per day
What is the major function of fat? Provide heat and energy
How many calories of energy do we get from fat? 9 caloories per gram
What is saturated fat? A fat that is solid at room temp and comes from animal sources
What are some examples of saturated fat? Whole milk - Egg yolks - Butter - Cheese - Fatty meats - Poultry skin - Coconut & palm oil
What is a triglyceride? Fat in the main storage form of fat / lipids
What carries triglyceride? LDL cholesterol
What is the recommended fat intake? 20 - 35% Total daily calorie intake
What is cholesterol? CHO is a nutrient not a fat. Used in cell membranes and to make hormones & vit. D
Where does a person get cholesterol? 75% is made is made in the liver, 25% from food sources
What is LDL (Low-density lipoprotein)? CHO that deposits fat in peripheral tissue
What is peripheral tissue? Tissue around organs, under skin
What is HDL (high-density lipoprotein)? CHO that transports fat to the liver for excretion
Of LDL and HDL, which is the bad cholesterol? LDL
What is the function of lipo-proteins? To transport fat
What is a trans fat? Fats produced by chemical processing
What are some sources of trans fats? Baked goods - Fried Chicken - Hydrogenated - Partially Hydrogenated
What is an unsaturated fat? Fats derived from plant sources - They are soft or oily at room temp
Name two kinds of unsaturated fat - Monounsaturated fat (One unfilled hydrogan bond)and Polyunsaturated (Two or more unfilled hydrogen bonds)
What are some examples of unsaturated fat? Mono - Olives/Olive oil - Peanuts - Canola oil Poly - Sunflower - safflower - Corn - Cottonseed - Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Of Mono and polyunsaturated fats, which is the best? Mono
What things can lower serum cholesterol and triglycerides? Exercise - Increased soluble fiber - Decreased saturated fat
Created by: amandmc