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Final Review

1st Amendment Protects religious thought and practice and a command of separation of church and state.
1st Amendment Guarantees freedom of speech or otherwise to express personal views
1st Amendment freedom of the press
1st Amendment right to assemble peacefully or to join with public meetings, political parties, and other associations
1st Amendment the right to petition the government for a remedy of grievences
2nd Amendment maintain a well regulated militia
2nd Amendment the right to keep bear arms
3rd Amendment the right to not have soldiers forcefully quartered in your house
4th Amendment house and person have the right against unreasonable search and seizure
4th Amendment warrants will be issued unless there is probable cause
4th Amendment evidence gained as a result of violation cannot be used against the accused
5th Amendment Persons accused of capital offenses cannot be held without presentment of an indictment to the grand jury
5th Amendment no person shall be subject to trial for the same offense twice
5th Amendment no person shall be forced to be a witness against themselves
5th Amendment guarentees due process of law
5th Amendment private property cannot be taken for public use without just compensation
6th Amendment must receive speedy and public trial
6th Amendment trial must take place in the same State and district the crime was committed
6th Amendment accused must be informed of charges against him
6th Amendment accused must be able to obtain witnesses
6th Amendment accused must be able to confront witnesses against him
6th Amendment accused must have access to the assistance of counsel
7th Amendment accused has the right to a trial by jury
8th Amendment excessive bail shall not be imposed
8th Amendment cruel and unusual punishment shall not be inflicted
9th Amendment ensures people the rights of a free society
10th Amendment powers not delegated by the by the Constitution are reserved to the states and the people
establishment clause Congress will make no law respecting the establishment of religion
free exercise clause government cannot interfere with the exercise of religion
freedom of expression All five rights guarenteed by the 1st Amendment
libel printed words that knowingly ruin a persons reputation
slander spoken words that knowingly ruin a persons reputation
probable cause good reason for suspecting a person of a crime
warrant written document giving permission for search or seizure
exclusionary rule excludes evidence obtained illegally from being used in court
Miranda warning warning of rights before being taken into custody
perjury lying under oath
bail collateral used as a promise to appear in court
habeas corpus being formally told of te charges against you
shield laws reporters do not have to reveal their sources
prior restraint cannot curb ideas before they are expressed
espionage spying for a foreign country
sedition incitement of resistance to lawful authority
treason support for a nations enemy while at war
sabotage act to purposely hinder war effort
direct examination the first examination of a witness by the party calling the witness
redirect examination examination of a witness again after cross-examination
cross examination close questioning of a hostile witness in a court of law to discredit or throw a new light on the testimony already provided in direct examination
recross examination examination of a witness after redirect examination
opening statement a statement to the jury by trial counsel before the presentation of evidence that usually explains the nature of the case, the factual matters to be proven, and the evidence to be presented and that summarizes the arguments to be made
closing statement a concluding summary in presenting a case before a court of law
prosecutor the lawyers acting for the state to put the case against the defendant
defendant the lawyer representing the defendant
objection action taken by lawyer when they believe the opposing attorney has violated a rule of evidence
leading question a question so framed as to guide the person questioned in making his reply
hearsay Evidence based on the reports of others rather than the personal knowledge of a witness and therefore generally not admissible as testimony
impeachment To challenge the validity of; try to discredit a witness
Created by: johndkram