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Chp 13-Blood Sys 1

General: Davi-Ellen Chabner The Lanugage of Medicine 8th Edition

Basophil is what type of leukocyte Granulocyte
Eosinophil is what type of leukocyte Granulocyte
Neutrophis is what type of leukocyte Neutrophil
Lymphocyte is what kind of leukocyte Mononuclear
Monocyte is what kind of leukocyte Mononuclear
Contains heparin and histamine (prevent clotting & involved in allergic reactions) Basophil
Phagocyte cell in allergic reactions Eosinophil
Phagocyte cell that accumulates at site of infection Neutrophil
Controls immune response, makes antibodies to antigens Lymphocyte
Phagocytic cell that becomes a macrophage, digests bacteria & tissue debris Monocyte
Blood type that contains A antigen, anti-B antibody Type A
Blood type that contains B antigen, anti-A antibody Type B
Blood type that has A & B antigens, no anti-A or anti-B antibodies Type AB
Blood type with no A or B antigens, and both anti-A and anti-B antibodies Type O
Status where there IS Rh factor, and no anti-Rh plasma antibodies Rh positive
Status where there is NO Rh factor, and has Anti-Rh plasma antibodies Rh negative
Protein in blood, maintains proper amount of water in blood Albumin
Protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens. Antibody
Substance that stimulates the production of an antibody. Antigen
Granulocytic WBC with granules that stain blue when exposed to a basic dye. Basophil
Blood clotting Coagulation
Protein that stimulates growth/proliferation of WBCs/granulocytes CSF - Colony stimulating factor
Change in structure & function of a cell as it matures; specialization Differentiation
Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge. Electrophoresis
Granulocytic WBC with granules that stain red when exposed to a acidic dye, eosin; associated with allergic reactions. Eosinophil
RBC, 5 mil per microliter or mm3 of blood. Erythrocyte
Hormone secreted by kidneys, stimulates formation of RBCs. Erythropoietin (EPO)
Protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot. Fibrin
Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process. Fibrinogen
Part of blood containing different plasma proteins. Immunoglobulins, alpha, and beta globulins are examples. Globulins
WBC with numerous dark-staining granules (eosinophils, neutrophils, & basophils. Granulocytes
Iron-containing nonprotein portion of the hemoglobin molecule. Heme
Blood protein containing iron; carries O2 in RBCs. Hemoglobin
Destruction/breakdown of blood (RBCs) Hemolysis
Anticoagulant in blood & tissue cells Heparin
Response of immune system to foreign invasion. Immune reaction
Protein (globulin) with antibody activity Immunoglobulin
Five types of immunoglobulins IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE, IgD.
White blood cell. Leukocyte
Mononuclear leukocyte that produces antibodies. Lymphocyte
Monocyte that migrates from blood to tissue spaces; a large phagocyte. Macrophage.
Large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow. Megakaryocyte
Large mononuclear phagocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow. Monocyte.
Pertaining to a cell (leukocyte) with a single round nucleus. Mononuclear.
Granulocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow; a phagocyte with neutral-staining granules. Neutrophil, or polymorphonuclear leukocyte, or poly
Liquid portion of blood. Plasma
Plasma contains: Water, proteins, salts, nutrients, hormones, vitamins
Removal of plasma from blood sample via centrifuge. Collected cells are retransfused back into donor. Plasmapheresis
Replacement for plasma removed for donation. Fresh-frozen plasma or salt solution
Smallest blood cell / thrombocyte Platelet
Cells that clump at sites of injury to prevent bleeding, and facilitate clotting. Platelet
Plasma protein, converted to thrombin in the clotting process. Prothrombin
Immature erythrocyte with a network of strands (reticulin) that are seen after staining the cell with special dyes. Reticulocyte
Antigen on RBCs of Rh+ individuals. First ID'd in the blood of a Rhesus monkey. Rh factor
Plasma minus clotting proteins and cells. Serum
Clear, yellowish fluid that separates from blood when allowed to clot. Serum
Formed from plasma, but does not contain protein-coagulating factors. Serum
Unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specialized forms. Stem cell
The progenitor for all different types of blood cells. Hematopoietic stem cell
Enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation. Thrombin
Another word for platelet. Thrombocyte
Cells are equal in size Anisocytosis
Cells have reduced color (less hemoglobin) Hypochromia
Cells are large Macrocytosis
Cells are small Microcytosis
Cells are irregularly chaped Poikilocytosis
Cells are rounded Spherocytosis
Created by: bethybb