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Wilson Bureaucracy

The Bureaucracy Flashcards

Administrative Procedure Act A law passed in 1946 requiring federal agencies to give notice, solicit comments, and (sometimes) hold public hearings before adopting any new rules.
annual authorization The practice of a legislative committee determining the amount an agency can spend on a yearly basis. This practice is a recent one and curtails the power of the appropriations committees.
Appropriation Money formally set aside for a specific use; issued by the House Appropriations Committee.
authorization legislation Legislation that originates in a legislative committee stating the maximum amount of money that an agency may spend on a given program.
buddy system A job description by an agency which is tailor
Bureaucracy A large organization composed of appointed officers in which authority is divided among several managers.
bureaucratic culture An informal understanding among fellow employees of an agency as to how they are supposed to act.
committee clearance A request made by congressional committees to pass on certain agency decisions. Although usually not binding, it is seldom ignored by agencies.
competitive service The set of civil servants appointed on the basis of a written exam administered by the Office of Personnel Management or by meeting certain selection criteria.
Conflict A bureaucratic pathology in which some agencies seem to be working at cross
discretionary authority The ability of a bureaucracy to choose courses of action and make policies not spelled out in advance by laws.
Duplication A bureaucratic pathology in which two government agencies seem to be doing the same thing.
Freedom of Information Act A law passed in 1966 giving citizens the right to inspect all government records except those containing military, intelligence, or trade secrets or material revealing private personnel actions.
Imperialism A bureaucratic pathology in which agencies tend to grow without regard to the benefits their programs confer or the costs they entail.
iron triangle The policy-making network composed of a government agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group. This network is less common today because of the variety of interest groups that exist and the proliferation of congressional subcommittees.
issue network Members of Washington-based interest groups, congressional staffers, university faculty, experts participating in think tanks, and representatives of the mass media who debate government policy on a subject. Such networks are replacing the iron triangles.
laissez faire A belief in a freely competitive economy that was widely held in the late nineteenth century.
legislative veto Congressional veto of an executive decision during the specified period it must lie before Congress before it can take effect. The veto is effected through a resolution of disapproval passed by either house or by both houses.
name-request job A job in the federal bureaucracy that is filled by a person whom an agency has already identified.
National Environmental Policy Act A law passed in 1969 requiring agencies to issue an environmental impact statement before undertaking any major action affecting the environment.
non career executive assignments A form of patronage under the excepted service given to high ranking members of the regular competitive service, or to persons brought into the civil service at a high level who are advocates of presidential programs.
Open Meeting Law A law passed in 1976 requiring agency meetings to be open to the public unless certain specified matters are being discussed.
Oversight Congressional supervision of the bureaucracy.
Patronage Bureaucratic appointments made on the basis of political considerations. Federal legislation significantly limits such appointments today.
Pendleton Act A law passed in 1883 which began the process of transferring federal jobs from patronage to the merit system.
Privacy Act A law passed in 1974 requiring government files about individuals to be kept confidential.
red tape A bureaucratic pathology in which complex rules and procedures must be followed to get things done.
Schedule C job A form of patronage under the excepted service for a position of confidential or policy
Senior Executive Service high-level civil servants created by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978. Members of this service can be hired, fired, and transferred more easily.eligible for cash bonuses and are guaranteed jobs elsewhere in the gov. gives pres more flexibility
spoils system Another phrase for political patronage, that is, the practice of giving the fruits of a party's victory, such as jobs and contracts, to loyal members of that party.
trust fund Money outside the regular government budget. These funds are beyond the control of congressional appropriations committees.
Waste A bureaucratic pathology in which an agency spends more than is necessary to buy some product or service.
Whistleblower Protection Act A law passed in 1989 which created an Office of Special Counsel to investigate complaints from bureaucrats claiming they were punished after reporting to Congress about waste, fraud, or abuse in their agencies.
Created by: 1226812143