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Dr.Manor Final Exam

Chapters 9-14 Medical Terminology

Which term means the distention of a kidney? nephrectasis
Which term means a stone in the urinary bladder? cystolith
Which term means enlargement of the renal pelvis due to an obstruction of the urine flow? hydronephrosis
Which term means difficult or painful urination? dysuria
Which condition is also known as bed-wetting? enuresis
Which term means distention of a ureter? ureterectasis
Which term means the surgical repair of the tube extending from the bladder to the exterior of the body? urethroplasty
Which term means the surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall? cystopexy
In which congenital abnormality is the urethral opening on one side of the penis? paraspadias
Which term means a disorder characterized by the presence of kidney stones? nephrolithiasis
Which term means excessive urination? polyuria
Which structure, or structures, carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder? ureters
What is the correct spelling of the term describing the process of inserting a tube through the urethra and into the urinary bladder? catheterization
Which term means a toxic condition caused by excessive urea and other waste products in the bloodstream? uremia
Which term means abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine? hyperproteinuria
Which term means the removal of a kidney stone through a surgical incision into the kidney? nephrolithotomy
Which term means pain in the bladder? cystalgia
Which structure of the kidney contains the collecting tubules? medulla
What is the correct spelling of the term meaning the destruction of a kidney stone by ultrasonic waves traveling through water? lithotripsy
Which term means pain in the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder? ureteralgia
Which radiographic study of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder does not use a contrast medium? KUB
Which term means the surgical fixation of a floating kidney? nephropexy
Which term means an inflammation of the renal pelvis and of the kidney? pyelonephritis
Which term means the increased excretion of urine? diuresis
Which term means bleeding from the bladder? cystorrhagia
Which division of the nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord? central
Which term is the result of a blood vessel in the brain that leaks or ruptures? hemorrhagic stroke
Which condition is characterized by fine muscle tremors, a mask-like facial expression, and a shuffling gait? Parkinson’s disease
Which membrane is the thick, tough outer layer surrounding the brain? dura mater
Which diagnostic tool is the process of recording brain-wave activity? electroencephalography
Which portion of the brain is responsible for the highest level of thought? cerebrum
Which term means an abnormally increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain? hydrocephalus
Which condition is a collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain? cranial hematoma
Which term means inflammation of the spinal cord? myelitis
Which term describes a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord that may result in paralysis? poliomyelitis
Which condition is commonly known as fainting? syncope
What kind of neuron carries impulses toward the brain and spinal cord? afferent
Which condition is a state of impaired consciousness marked by absence of spontaneous eye movement, lack of responsiveness to painful stimuli, and lack of speech? stupor
Which medication produces calm and diminished responsiveness without causing sleep? sedative
Morphine is an example of which type of drug? narcotic analgesic
Which condition is an autoimmune disorder? multiple sclerosis
Which condition is characterized by the inability to develop normal social relationships? autistic disorders
Which disorder is characterized by multiple cognitive defects, including memory impairment? dementia
Which cranial nerves conduct impulses for the sense of smell from the nose to the brain? olfactory
Which term means medication administered to block sensitivity to pain? anesthetic
Which term means an inflammation of the brain? encephalitis
Which term means to suture the ends of a severed nerve? neurorrhaphy
Which term means inflammation of a nerve causing pain through the thigh and leg? sciatica
Which term means an intense burning pain after an injury to a sensory nerve? causalgia
Which term means a sense perception that has no basis in external stimulation? hallucination
Which term describes the sense of whirling, dizziness, and the loss of balance? vertigo
Which term describes a defect in the right or left half of the visual field? hemianopsia
Which condition is also known as farsightedness? hyperopia
Which term means an abnormal discharge from the ear? otorrhea
Which hearing loss is progressive and associated with aging? presbycusis
Which condition is characterized by the outward deviation of one eye relative to the other? exotropia
Which term describes the buildup of pus within the middle ear? purulent otitis media
Which term means the appendages or accessory structures of an organ? adnexa
Which procedure provides temporary protection when the eyelids are paralyzed? tarsorrhaphy
Which condition is also known as double vision? diplopia
Which diagnostic test is used to measure hearing? audiometry
Which term describes reattachment of a detached retina by using a laser? retinopexy
Which test measures intraocular pressure? tonometry
Which term means a surgical incision into the eardrum to create an opening for the placement of tympanostomy tubes? myringotomy
Which abbreviation means right eye? OD
Which term describes the fibrous tissue outer layer of the eye? sclera
Laser _____ is used to treat closed-angle glaucoma. iridotomy
Which term describes a condition of involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball? nystagmus
Which term describes the process whereby the eyes make adjustments for seeing objects at various distances? accommodation
Which disorder has symptoms that include a sense of whirling, dizziness, and the loss of balance? labyrinthitis
Which term describes the region where vision is sharpest on the retina? fovea centralis
Which term describes a condition characterized by increased intraocular pressure resulting in damage to the optic nerve? glaucoma
Which structures of the ear are important in maintaining equal atmospheric pressure within the middle ear? eustachian tubes
Which term describes the angle where the upper and lower eyelids meet? canthus
Which term means inflammation of the tympanic membrane? myringitis
Which substance produces itching when released in response to allergens? histamine
Pediculosis _____ is an infestation with body lice. corporis
Which term describes the tissue layer directly below the epidermis? corium
A _____ is an abnormal passage from an internal organ to the body surface. fistula
Which term means any disorder of the pigmentation of the skin or hair? dyschromia
Which skin condition responds to laser treatment? rhinophyma
An _____ biopsy is performed using cells scraped from the tissue. exfoliative
Which term describes the narrow band of epidermis attached to the surface of the nail just in front of the root? eponychium
Which condition is a flat, persistent, dark-red birthmark made of pigmented cells? port-wine stain
Which term means excessive sweating? hyperhidrosis
Which term describes a large blister that is more than 0.5 centimeter in diameter? bulla
Which term describes the surgical procedure of taking tucks in a structure to shorten it? plication
Which term describes a diffuse infection of connective tissue? cellulitis
Which term describes flaking or a dry patch made up of an excess of dead epidermal cells? scale
Which term is commonly known as itching? pruritus
Which condition is an autoimmune disorder that causes abnormal tissue thickening? scleroderma
Which term means a localized collection of pus within a circumscribed area? abscess
A _____-degree burn involves damage to the epidermis, corium, and subcutaneous layers. third
Which term describes a contagious superficial pyoderma caused by staphylococci and streptococci? impetigo
Which term describes the change in nails that is often an indication of iron deficiency anemia? spoon nail
Which condition involves tissue death that is usually associated with a loss of circulation? gangrene
Which form of skin cancer spreads quickly to other body systems? squamous cell carcinoma
Which procedure is used to treat spider veins? sclerotherapy
Which condition is an autoimmune disorder that is characterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk? lupus erythematosus
Which term describes an injury that does not break the skin? contusion
Which term describes the excessive thirst that is symptomatic of diabetes insipidus? polydipsia
The _______________ gland secretes hormones that control the functions of other endocrine glands. pituitary
Which condition results from abnormally high concentrations of calcium in the blood? hypercalcemia
Where is the thyroid-stimulating hormone secreted? pituitary gland
Which condition is a life-threatening condition caused by excessive quantities of the thyroid hormones? thyrotoxicosis
Where does a pheochromocytoma occur? adrenal medulla
Which condition is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system mistakenly attacks thyroid tissue? Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
Which hormone stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics? testosterone
Which type of diabetes mellitus is an insulin resistance disorder? type 2
Which term describes an abnormal condition caused by an insufficient or absent secretion of the parathyroid hormone that can lead to periodic painful muscle spasms and tremors? hypoparathyroidism
Which gland is located at the base of the brain just below the hypothalamus? pituitary
Which hormone acts to control the balance of food intake and energy expenditure? estrogen
Which gland secretes the hormone melatonin? pineal
Which term describes a life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus? diabetic coma
Which hormones regulate the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body? cortisol
Which term describes substances such as sodium and potassium normally found in blood? electrolytes
Which condition is characterized by enlargement of the hands and feet due to excessive secretion of the growth hormone after puberty? acromegaly
Which hormone is secreted in response to high blood sugar? insulin
Which hormone maintains the body’s water balance by promoting the reabsorption of water through the kidneys? antidiuretic
Which hormone decreases blood levels of calcium by moving it into storage in the bones and teeth? calcitonin
Which hormone stimulates ovulation in the female? luteinizing
Which condition is a progressive disease that occurs when adrenal glands do not produce enough cortisol? Addison’s disease
Which term means any disorder of the pineal gland? pinealopathy
Which hormone increases pigmentation of the skin? melanocyte-stimulating
Which hormone is released during the second half of the menstrual cycle? progesterone
Which term describes a woman who has borne one child? primipara
Which term describes surgery to affix sagging breasts in a more elevated position? mastopexy
Which term means the surgical removal of both testicles? castration
Which term means narrowing of the opening of the foreskin of the penis? phimosis
Which term means the abnormal condition in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall prematurely? abruptio placentae
Which term describes the beginning of the menstrual function that occurs at the onset of puberty? menarche
Which term means the rupture of an ovary? ovariorrhexis
Which term means an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the cervix? endocervicitis
Which term means the removal of a cone of tissue from the cervix? conization
Which term describes the muscular middle layer of the uterus? myometrium
Which term describes a profuse white mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina? leukorrhea
Which term describes the thinning and shortening of the cervix that occurs during labor? effacement
Which term means an inflammation of a fallopian tube? salpingitis
Which term means excessive uterine bleeding occurring during the menses? menorrhagia
Which term describes the material that forms the first stools of a newborn? meconium
Which term describes the congenital absence of one or both testicles? anorchism
Which term means an accumulation of pus in a fallopian tube? pyosalpinx
Which term means light or infrequent menstrual flow? oligomenorrhea
Which of these sexually transmitted diseases is caused by a virus? genital herpes
Which condition is also known as a precancerous lesion? cervical dysplasia
Which complication of pregnancy is characterized by convulsions and sometimes coma? eclampsia
Which term means the direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus? hysteroscopy
Which structure or substance nourishes the sperm? semen
Which structure catches the Graafian follicle as it leaves the ovary? fimbriae
Which term means the expansion of an opening? dilation
Created by: DarlingSam