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KCA terms

literary terms and figurative language terms for Kansas Assessment HS

connotation thoughts, feelings, and images associated with a word
denotation dictionary definition of a word
hyperbole obvious exaggeration used to emphasize a point or add excitement and humor to a story
idiom expression that means something different from what it says; example-make mountains out of molehills or hang by a thread
imagery words or phrases that appeal to the senses and conjure up mental images
metaphor comparison that uses no connecting words; example-the groves were God's first temple
simile comparison between two seemingly unrelated things, using connecting words such as like, as, or than in the comparison; example-mind like floating wide cloud
paradox contradictory ideas are put against each other, so the statement appears to be untrue; example-must be cruel to be kind
personification giving human qualities or actions to nonhuman things; example-the sun smiled
symbol something concrete that stands for something abstract
onomatopoeia word, such as plop, buzz, or snap, whose sound suggests its meaning
allusion reference made to a famous person, place, or event
character people or animals in short stories, novels, and plays
characterization ways in which an author reveals the traits of characters to his audience
conflict struggle between two forces in a novel, short story, or play
flashback interruption in a story to tell about events that happened earlier
foreshadowing hints about events that will occur further in a story
irony contradictory statement or situation
verbal irony character says something but means the opposite
situational irony what happens in a story is the opposite of what is expected to happen
dramatic irony reader has information that one or more of the characters does not have
mood feeling created in a reader by a literary work
tone attitude an author takes toward his subject, character, or reader
theme underlying meaning in a literary work
point of view narrator's position with respect to the characters and the reader
1st person point of view uses I, me, my
3rd person point of view uses he, she, they
plot sequence of events that make up a story
exposition introduction of the characters and setting of a story
rising action development of complications that create the conflict of a story
climax turning point or high point of the story
falling action events that lead to the conflict's resolution
resolution conflict is resolved and the story is ended
satire writing makes fun of habits, ideas, or weaknesses in a person, an institution, an entire society, or humanity in general
protagonist main character in a literary work
antagonist character who opposes the main character
round character characters that have many sides
flat character character that has only one or two sides
dynamic character character changes, grows, or learns something by the end of the story
static character character experiences no major change during the story
Created by: mralls

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