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Chapter 8 TDS

the digestive system

hiatal hernia is a condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the cest, through an opening in the diaphragm.
sigmoid colon is an S shaped structure that continues from the descending colon above and joins with the rectum below.
Gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontal disease and the inflammation affects only the gums.
Halitosis also know as bad breath
liver is a large organ located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, function include removing toxins from the blood and turning food into the fuel and nutrients the body needs.
gallblader is a pear shaped organ about the size of an egg located under the liver, it stores concentrates the bile for later use.
PARTS OF THE SMALL INTESTINE duodenum(is the first portion)jejenum (middle portion)Ileum (last and longest portion)
2 sphincter in stomach Ploric and Pylorus
Divererticulum is a small pouch or sac occurring in the lining or wall of a tubular organ such as the colon
Volvulus twising of the intestine on itself causes obstruction
dysphagia diffculty in swallowing
regurgitation return of swallowed food into the mouth
emesis also know as vomitting
proctopexy surgical removal of the rectum
anastomosis surgical connection between 2 hollow or tubular structures
cholangiography is a radiographic examation of the bile ducts with the use of contrast medium
metabolism includes all of the processes involved in the body's use of nutrients
Anabolism is the building up of body cells and substances from the nutrients
Catabolism is the breaking down of body cells or substances, releasing energy and carbon dioxide
ascites abnormal accumalation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
bruxism involuntary grinding of the teeth
esophagogastroduodenoscopy endoscopic procedure that allows direct visulation of the upper GI tract which includes esophagus, stomach and upper duodenum
botulism food poisoning rare but very serious condition transmitted through contaimated food or infected wound
jaundice yellow discolaration of the skin mucous membrane and the eyes condition is caused by greater than normal amounts of billurubin in the blood
cholecystalgia pain in the gallbladder
cholecystitis inflamattion of the gallbladder
xerostomia dry mouth
cirrhosis progressive degenartive disease of the liver that is often caused by excessive alchol use or viral hep b or c
crohn's disease chronic immune disorder that can occur anywhere in the disgestive tract mostly found in the ileum or colon
bulimia nervosa eating disorder frequent episodes of over eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as vomitting
eructation act of belching
herpes labialis cold sores or fever blisters
morbid obesity weighing 2x to 3x or more than the ideal weight or having a body mass index value greater thatn 39%