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affixes and roots

AFFIXESMEANINGEXAMPLES
in- into inject (put into)
re- do over, again, undo reread (do over again), remove (undo)
dis- not dislike
mono- uni- one monorail
mis wrongly misfire, misfortune, misguided
tri three triangle, tripod
quad- four quadruplets
pent- five pentagon
semi-, demi-, hemi- half semicircle
auto- self automoblie, autobiography
ab- away from abduction, abnormal
dura- hard, long lasting durable, duration
poly- many polygon, polyster
pre- before preceed, preview
pro- in favor of promote
anti- against antisocal, antifreeze
ante- first, before antecedant, anteroom
philo- love of something pnilosophy (lover of knowledge)
sub- under submarine, submerge
trans- carry, across transportation
inter- between intervene, interupt
de- opposite defrost, decompose
root root root
glot, gloss tounge (greek) ployglot, glossary
dict- to say something(latin) dictionary, contadictpredict
bio- life or living things (greek) biology, biography
ortho to straighten(greek) orthopedic, orthodntist
ped, pod foot pedicure, orthopedic, tripod
script- to write (latin) manuscript, scripture
morphous- to form or to shape (greek) metamorphis
thermo- heat (greek) thermos, thermal
audio- hearing audiology, audiophile
spec-, spect- to see, to look inspect, inspector
derm- skin dermotologist
path- feel, feelings sympathy, empathy, pathetic
soph- wisdom, knowledge sophistocated, philosophy
frag-, frac-, rupt- to break fragile, fraction, rupture
cian- possesing a specific skill physician, magician
port- to carry, to harbor transportable, portable
urb- city (latin) urban, suburb
graph-, gram- to write, written autograph, graphic, photograph, telegram
sent, sens feel, feelings sensitive, resent, sensation
cred- to belive incredible, credulous
phon- sound telephone, phonics, symphony
ject- to throw reject, eject
vid-,vis- to veiw visual, supervise, evidence
tele- far off or far away telescope, television
SUFFIX SUFFIX SUFFIX
-er,-eer,-or a person teacher, mountaineer, aviator
-ence, -ance, -ent the condition of presence, significant,abun
-ate, -ize turns nouns or adjectives to verbs pasturize, criticize, indicate, meditate
-ion turns verbs into nouns act-action,produce-production
-ness turns adjectives into nouns happy-happiness,satify-satisfaction
-ism a belief favoritism
-ist make a object into a person machine= machinist
-ary, -ery, -ory connectingor refeing to a person, place, or thing dictionary, bravery, dormitory
-logy a field of study or science biology, phycology
an, ian, ant , ent refers to place or people american, vegitarian, assistant, student
-ship a state of something or skill sponshorship
ous, ious, ful full of joyful, vicious
able, ible can be done capable, edible, agreable
in- im- il- un- ir- not inattentive, impossible, illeagal,irregular, unfair
Created by: 2015GraGabA on 2010-02-22



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