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7th Soc. Mid-Term

7th Grade Social Studies Mid-Term

Columbian Exchange an exchange of goods, ideas and people between Europe and the Americas. Natives caught many diseases as a result.
What was England's first settlement? Jamestown
Name the New England colonies. Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Hampshire
Name the Middle colonies New York, Delaware, New York and Pennsylvania
Name the Southern colonies. Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia
colony settlement made by a "parent" country
mercantilism idea that a "parent" country can become wealthy through its colonies by exporting more than it imports
import good that are brought into a country
export goods made in one place and sent to another
cash crop a crop grown to be sold
triangular trade regular trading routes that formed a triangle between the West Indies, colonial America, Europe and West Africa
Magna Carta English document limiting the power of the king
Mayflower Compact a government established by the Pilgrims on their boat, the Mayflower, before they landed on Plymouth Rock.
Where was the French and Indian War fought? in the Ohio Valley
Who fought in the French and Indian War? French vs. British soldiers and volunteer colonists
What was the cause of the French and Indian War? France and England wanted to take control of the fur trade in the Ohio Valley. This would make either one the richest, most powerful nation.
What was the result of the French and Indian War? (the first) Treaty of Paris. *England had control over all lands to the Mississippi River and Canada. *Spain controlled the southwest and Florida. *France lost all holdings in North America.
Quartering Act colonists were forced to house British soldiers in their homes.
Townshend Act England taxed the colonists on luxury items such as glass lead paper and tea.
Boston Massacre five Bostonians shot dead, including Crispus Attucks
Tea Act taxed tea and gave East India Company exclusive rights to sell
Boston Tea Party Bostonians revolted and dumped the tea into the harbor.
Intolerable Acts England blockaded (closed) Boston Harbor until the tea was paid for
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
When was the Declaration of Independence written? 1776
Olive Branch Petition A letter to King George asking for peace
Loyalists colonists who supported Britain and were against colonial independence
Patriots colonists who fought for independence for the colonies
The "shot heard around the world" was from where? Lexington and Concord, Mass.
What happened at Bunker Hill and Breeds Hill, Mass? British defense of Boston. Colonists were low on ammunition. It was known, "Don't shoot until you can see the whites of their eyes!"
Paul Revere warned "the Redcoats are coming" at Lexington and Concord
Thomas Paine author of "Common Sense"
militia a group of civilians trained as soldiers to fight in emergencies
Archaeologist Social scientists that use artifacts to study ancient people.
Secondary Source Source such as textbook that interprets the original document.
Iroquois Confederation established a political union of nations who worked together for defense but kept independent ideas. Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca
Magna Carta British constitution that limited the power of the leaders and allowed for a Bill of Rights for the people
Primary Source first hand account document such as a diary or a journal.
mercantilism The idea that a mother country can become wealthy through its colonies by exporting more than it imports is called _____________
Vikings First Europeans to reach Western Hemisphere:
Boycott Refuse to buy or use a service as a form of protest
Water A resource that provides both food and transportation.
Adapting ____________ or changing to it's environment in a different way allowed Native Americans to develop different cultures
These 3 Latin American civilizations created well-organized societies Mays, Aztec, Inca
Navigation and Shipbuilding Explorers were able to begin exploring new trade routes to Asia because of advancements in ________ and __________
Jamestown Not planting enough crops led colonists in this colony to starve.
Treaty of Paris France lost all of it's power in North America after what Treaty was signed after the French and Indian War
War Debt The main reason why the British imposed taxes on the Colonies was to help the British get out of ________ _________
No taxation without representation The reason why the Colonists disliked the British taxes so much (think of the saying Colonials said)
Created by: memsoccer1013