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Stack #35739

Middle Grades Test Prep

Civilization A society that has a achieved a high level of culture, including the development of systems of government, religion and learning.
Culture The way of life of a group of people at a particular time, including their customs, beliefs, and arts.
Democracy A government run by the people, in which citizens make their laws.
Republic A government in which citizens have the right to choose their leaders.
Pax Romana A period of peace in the Roman Empire that lasted about 200 years, during which trade flourished.
Serfs A person who was bound to live and work on the land of a noble.
Manors A self-sufficient farming estate where nobles and serfs lived and worked.
Crusades A series of "holy wars" in the Middle Ages in which European Christians attempted to recapture the Holy Land from Muslims.
Constitutional Monarchy A government headed by a king or queen whose powers are limited by a constitution.
Communism A political and economic system in which land and businesses are controlled by the government.
Totalitarian A government that contraols all aspects of people's lives; totalitarian governments are led by a dictator or small group of people
Nationalism A feeling of intesnse loyalty and devotion to one's country.
Alliance A formal agreement between two or more nations to work together in war or commerce.
Depression A severe slowdown in business characterized by high unemployment and falling prices.
Iron Curtain An imaginary border that separated the democratic nations of Western Europe from the nations in Eastern Europe under the control of the Soviet Union.
Muhammad Founder of Islam.
Cuneiform A system of writing developed in ancient Sumeria that used wedge-shaped symbols.
Code of Hammurabi The world's first system of laws, recorded by Hammurabi, king of Babylonia, about 1780 B.C.
Epics A long poem that celebrates gods, heroes, or events in a people's past
Colony A territory that is under the control of another, usually distant, country.
Dictator A ruler who has absolute power and authority.
Feudalism An economic and political system of Europe in the Middle Ages based on certain obligations
Reformation A religious movement in sixteenth-century Europe, led by Martin Luther, that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the birth of Protestant chruches.
Martin Luther German monk and teacher; leader of the Protestant Reformation
Emporer monarch, ruler
Abolitionist a person who worked to do away with slavery.
Circumnavigate to sail completely around the world
Cooperative an organization owned and managed by those who use its services.
Domestication the breeding of plants and animals to meet specific human needs
Fall Line The point at which waterfalls make river navigation impossible to navigate.
Impressment the practice of drafting sailors by force
Loose Construction interpretation that the government can do anything the Constitution does not plainly forbid it to do.
Nativist a person who is hostile to immigrants
Sedition saying or doing something to bring down the government.
Precedent a decision or act that serves as an example for others to follow.
Law of Demand the lower the price of a good or service the greater the quantity of it that will be demanded by purchasers.
Factors of Production land, labor and capital
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) estimate of the total money value of all goods and services provided in a given 1-year period using the factors of production located within a country's borders
Gross National Product (GNP) similar to GDP - estimate of the total money value of all the final goods and services provided in a 1-year period by the factors of production owned by a particular country's residents.
Inflation a sustained rise over time in the general level of prices
Law of Supply the higher the price of a good or service, the larger the quanityt of that good or service that will be offered for sale
Macroeconomics strives to explain the functioning of the economy as a whole- total output, overall levels of employment, total savings or investments
Microeconomics (think microscope- looking at small things) studies the behaviors of individual households and firms
Market Economy scarce resources are allocated by the interplay of supply and demand in free markets
Progressive Tax temds to take a smaller % of the incomes of lower income citizens compared to the percentage it takes of wealthier citizens
Recession a cyclical period of serious decline in the national economy
Socialism all or most productive resources are the property of the government. Production and distribution of goods and services are administered primarily by the government
Anthropology study of the origin and develppment of human beings
Psychology study of mental processes and behaviors
Sociology study of human intereaction
Capitalism economic system where most production is privately owned (US)
Communism economic system in which the factories, farms, etc are owned commonly by the workders
George Washington commander and chief of the american Army; 1st President of the US
Thomas Jefferson author of the Declaration of Independence; 3rd President of the US
James Madison` Father of the Constitution; 4th President of the US
Abraham Lincoln served during the Civil War; Emancipation Proclmation, Gettysburg Address, 16th President of the US
Robert E. Lee General of the Confederacy, surrendered at the Appotmattox
Ulysses S. Grant General of the union; 18th President of the US
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederacy
Clara Barton Founder of the red Cross; Known as the "Angel of the battlefield"
Harriet Tubman escaped slave; Conductor of the Underground Railroad; worked to improve women's rights
Lewis and Clark Chosen by Thomas Jefferson to explore the Louisiana Territory that was purchased in 1803
Theodore Roosevelt supported conservation and national park system - 26th president of the US
Franklin D. Roosevelt Elected president 4 times and served as the 32nd President of the US from 1933-1945, which led to the addition of the 22nd Amendment
Richard Nixon Signed the first treaty to limit nuclear missiles. Involved in Watergate Scandal served as 36th President of the US, resigned and pardoned.
John F. Kennedy Cuban Missle Crisis, assassinated during presidency.
Martin Luther King, Jr. civil right leader, marched on Washington in 1963 with over 250,000 followers, known for his famous "I have a dream" speech
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white male in Montgomery, Alabama..led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Thomas Edison invented the light bulb; developed the motion picture camera and phonograph
Ronald Regan appointed first female Supreme Court Justice; oldest person elected President
Susan B. Anthony active in the equal rights movement for women and anti-slavery. Years of work to have the 19th Amendment added to Constitution
Eleanor Roosevelt First Lady 1933-1945 who took an active role in politics. Visited work camps, hospitals, and coal mines and often demanded action from her husband for better work conditions.
Ponce De Leon First Spanish explorer/conquistadore to reach Florida in 1513. Named the area Florida for its beautiful flowers
Jean Ribault Came from France to establish settlement near Jacksonville, FL. Settlement failed and later sent to Fort Caroline. Fort Caroline destroyed by Spanish in 1565.
Andrew Jackson In 1813 the British tried to regain control of Florida. Drove out the British and later became the first Govenor of Florida.
Osceola Creek Indian who led the Seminoles against the US government, and won. Was finally captured and sent to prison at Fort Moultrie, Charleston, NC where he soon died, but with the respect of the US Army.
John Gorrie invented a machine that made ice and eventually refrigeration and air conditioning.
Henry Flagler Built a railroad system from Jacksonville to the Keys so that tourist could winter in the south.
Alfred I. Dupont Banking tycoon who took control over several Flrodia banks during the Depression. He purchased acres of forestland in North Florida and developed the pulp and paper business
Mary McLeod Bethune came from a poor farming family in SC. Went on to become teacher and opened a school for Black girls. Eventually became Bethune-Cookman College.
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings writer from Cross Creek who wrote stories about Florida such as "The Yearling"
Janet Reno In 1993, was the first woman to serve as Attorney General of the US.
Created by: psibson