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Chp 11-Cardio Sys 2

Abbreviations: Davi-Ellen Chabner, The Language of Medicine, 8th Edition

AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
ACE inhibitor angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
ACLS advanced cardiac life support; CPR plus drugs & defibrillation
ACS acute coronary syndrome
ADP adenosine diphosphate; ADP blockers are used to prevent CV-related death, heart attack, & strokes, & after all stent procedures.
AED automatic external defibrillator
AF-a-fib atrial fibrillation
AICD automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
AMI acute myocardial infarction
ARVD arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
AS aortic stenosis
ASD atrial septal defect
AV, A-V antrioventricular
AVR aortic valve replacement
BBB bundle branch block
BNP brain natriuretic peptide; elevated in congestive heart failure
BP blood pressure
CABG coronary artery bypass grafting
CAD coronary artery disease
CCU coronary care unit
Cath catheterization
CHF congestive heart failure
CK creatine kinase; released into the blood stream after injury to heart or skeletal muscles
CoA Coarctation of the aorta
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRT cardiac resynchronization therapy; biventricular pacing
CTNA or cTnI cardiac troponin I; troponin is a protein released into the blood stream after myocardial injury
CTNT or cTnT cardiac troponin T
CV cardivascular
DES drug-eluting stent
DSA digital subtraction angiography
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ECG electrocardiography
ECHO echocardiography
EF ejection fraction; measure of the amount of blood that pumps out of the heart with each beat
EPS electrophysiology study; electrode catheters are inserted into veins and threaded into the heart and electrical conduction is measured (tachycardis are provoked & analyzed).
ETT exercise tolerance test
ETT-MIBI exercise tolerance test combined with a radioactive tracer (sestamibi) scan
HDL high-density lipoprotein; high blood levels are associated with lower incidence of coronary artery disease
HTN hypertension (high blood pressure)
IABP intra-aortic balloon pump; used to support patients in cardiogenic shock
ICD implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
LAD left anterior descending (coronary artery)
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LMWH low-molecular-weight heparin
LV left ventricle
LVAD left ventricular assist device
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MI myocardial infarction
MR mitral regurgitation
MUGA multiple-gated acquisition scan; a radioactive test of heart function
MVP mitral valve prolapse
NSR normal sinus rhythm
NSTEMI non-ST elevation myocardial infarction
PAC premature atrial contraction
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PDA patent ductus arteriosus; posterior descending artery
PVC premature ventricular contraction
RFA radiofrequency catheter ablation
SA, S-A sinoatrial
SCD sudden cardiac death
SOB shortness of breath
SPECT single photon emission computed tomography; used for myocardial imaging with sestamibi scans
SSCP substernal chest pain
STEMI ST elevation myocardial infarction
SVT supraventricular tachycardia; rapid heart beats arising from the atria and causing palpitations, SOB, and dizziness
Tc technetium
TEE transesophageal echocardiography
TGA transposition of the great arteries
tPA tissue-type plasminogen activator; a drug used to prevent thrombus
UA unstable angina
VF ventricular fibrillation
VSD ventricular septal defect
VT ventricular tachycardia
WPW Woll-Parkinson-White syndrome; an abnormal ECG pattern often associated with paroxysmal tachycardia.
Created by: bethybb