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Muscular Voc/Abbrev

Muscular System Vocabulary Definitions & Abbreviations

Voluntary under one's control; done by one's choice or desire.
Abduction movement away from the midline.
Adduction movement toward the midline.
Cardiac Muscle forms the walls of the heart and contracts to circulate blood.
Circumduction moving in a circle at a joint, or movig one end of a body part in a circle while the other end remains stationary.
Contract to shorten,decrease in size, or draw together; an agreement between two or more persons.
Contractibility muscle fibers that are stimulated by nerves.
Contracture tightening or shortening of a muscle.
Elasticity allows the muscle to return to its original shape after it has contracted or stretched.
Excitability irritability, the ability to respond to a stimulus such as a nerve impulse.
Extensibility the ability to be stretched.
Extension increasing the angle between two bones, or straightening a body part.
Fascia a tough, sheet-like membrane that covers and protects the tissue.
Flexion decreasing the angle between two bones, or bending a body part.
Insertion the end that moves when the muscle contracts.
Involuntary independent action not controlled by choice or desire.
Muscle Tone state of partial muscle contraction providing a state of readiness to act.
Muscular System bundles of muscle fibers held together by connective tissue.
Origin end of area of a muscle that remains stationary when the muscle contracts.
Rotation movement around a central axis; a turning.
Skeletal Muscle attached to bones and causes body movement.
Tendans fibrous connective tissues that connect muscles to bones.
Visceral(smooth)Muscle found in the internal organs of the body such as those of the digestive system, respitor system, blood vessels, and eyes.
abd abduction
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
add adduction
ADL activities of daily living
EMG electromyography
EMS electric muscle stimulator
IM intramuscular
MN myoneural
MS musculoskeletal, muscle strength
Created by: Jolojo