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1-5 Word Parts

Chapters 1-5 for test 1

Word PartMeaning
-er, ist one who
-iatrician practitioner
-logist one who studies; specialist
-a, -al, -ic, -logic, -logical pertaining to
-iatrics, iatry medical profession or treatment
-logy study or science of
cari/o heart
crin/o to secrete
dermat/o skin
esthesi/o feeling or sensation
gastr/o, enter/o stomach, intestines
ger/a, ger/o, geront/o elderly
immun/o immune
ne/o, nat/o new, birth
neur/o nerve
obstetr/o midwife
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
orth/o straight
ped/o child (sometimes foot)
ot/o, laryng/o ear, larynx
path/o disease
psycho/o mind
radi/o radiation (sometimes radius)
rheumat/o rheumatism
rhin/o nose
ur/o urinary tract (sometimes urine)
-centesis surgical puncture
-ectomy excision(surgical removal or cutting out)
-lysis destroying
-pexy surgical fixation (fastening to a fixed position)
-plasty surgical repair
-rraphy suture (uniting a wound by stitches)
-scopy visual exam with a lighted instrument
-stomy formation of an opening
-tome an instrument used for cutting
-tomy incision (cutting into tissue)
-tripsy surgical crushing
aden/o gland
angi/o vessel
append/o, appendic/o appendix
bi/o life or living
blephar/o eyelid
cerebr/o, encephal/o brain
chir/o hand
col/o colon or large intestine
cutane/o, derm/a, dermat/o skin
faci/o face
hepat/o liver
mamm/o, mast/o breast
muscul/o, my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
oste/o bone
pulm/o, pulmon/o, pneum/o, pneumon/o lungs
tonsill/o tonsil
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
va/o vessel; ductus deferens
-algia, -dynia pain
-cele hernia
-ectasia, -ectasis dilation, enlargement or stretching of a structure of part
-edema swelling
-emia condition of the blood
-ia, -iasis condition
-itis inflammation
-lith stone or calculus
-malacia soft, softening
-mania excessive preoccupation
-megaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-osis conition (often an abnormal coniditon; sometimes an increase)
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency
-phobia abnormal fear
-ptosis prolapse (sagging)
-rrhage, -rrhagia excessive bledding or hemorrhage
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-spasm twitching, ramp
-stasis stopping, controlling
-able, -ible capable of, able to
-ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ive, -tic pertaining to
-ase enzyme
-eum, ium membrane
-ia, ism condition or theory
-iac one who suffers
-opia vision
-ose sugar
-ous pertaining to or characterized by
-y state or conidition
amyl/o starch
glyc/o sugar
hemat/o blood
lact/o milk
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
micro- small
muc/o mucus
prote/o, protein/o protein
pyr/o fire
mono-, uni- one
bi-, di- two
tri- three
quad-, quadri-, tetra- four
centi- one hundred or one-hundredth 1/100
milli- one-thousandth 1/1000
diplo- double
hemi-, semi- half, partly
hyper- excessive, more than normal
hypo- beneath or below normal
multi, poly- many
nulli- none
pan- all
primi- first
super-, ultraq- excessive
ab- away from
ad- toward
ante-, pre- before in time or in place
circum-, peri- around
dia- through
ecto-, ex-, exo-, extra- out, without, away from
en-, end-, endo- inside
epi- above, on
hypo-, infra-, sub- beneath, under
inter between
intra- within
meso-, mid- middle
para- near, beside, or abnormal
per- through or by
post- after, behind
retro- behind, backward
super-, supra- above, beyond
sym-, syn- jointed, together
trans- across
ante-, pre-, pro- before
post- after or behind
macro-, mega-,. megalo- large or great
micro- small
a-, an- no, not, without
in- not or inside (in)
anti-, contra- against
brady- slow
dys- bad, difficult
eu- good, normal
mal- bad
pro- favoring, supporting
tachy- fast
alb/o, albin/o, leuk/o white
chlor/o green
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
melan/o black
xanth/o yellow
cyt/o, -cyte cell
gen/o, -genic, -genesis beginning, origin
gram/o to record
-gram a record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
kinesi/o, -kinesia, -kinesis movement, motion
leps/o, -lepsy seizure
lys/o destruction, dissolving
-lysin that wich destroys
-lysis process of destroying
-lytic capable of or producing destruction
malac/o, malacia soft, softening
megal/o, megaly large, enlarged, enlargement
metr/o measure, uterine tissue
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry process of measuing
path/o, -pathy disease
phag/o eat, ingest
-phagia, -phagic, -phagy eating, swallowing
phas/o, phasia speech
pleg/o, -plegia paralysis
schis/o, schiz/o, schist/o, -schisis split, cleft
scler/o, -sclerosis hard, hardening
scop/o to examine, to view
troph/o, -trophic, -trophy nutrition
aer/o air
blast/o embryonic form
cancer/o, carcin/o cancer
cephal/o head
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
dips/o thirst
electr/o electricity
fibr/o fiber
hist/o tissue
myc/o fungus
narc/o stupor
necr/o dead
optic/o, opt/o vision
pharmac/o drugs, medicine
phon/o voice
phot/o light
py/o pus
therm/o heat
top/o position, place
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
Created by: TeresaLambert