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Lesson 8 Med Terms

Prefixes and Suffixes P through Z

packy thick-Prefix or Suffix pachycephalic(abnormal thickness of the skull) The baby was born with a pachycephalic (abnormal thickness) skull.
para near,departure from the norm-Prefix paralgia(abnormal pain) The patient with sickle cell anemia was experiencing severe paralgia(abnormal pain).
path disease-Prefix or Suffix pathology(study of disease) Pathology(study of disease) tests indicated that the patient died of a coronary arrest.
penia deficiency-Suffix cytopenia(lack of cellular elements in the blood) Cytopenia (lack of cellular elements in the blood) complications were the apparent culprit in the patient's blood dyscrasia (blood problems).
peri around-Prefix pericardium(around the heart) The pericardial (around the heart) window was inserted into the pericardial space just above the pericardium.
pexy fixation,suspension-Suffix retinopexy(surgical repair of a detached retina) The boxer required a retinopexy (surgical repair of a detached retina) for his boxing injury.
phobia fear of-Suffix hydrophobia(water,fear of) The near drowning victim developed a severe case of hydrophobia (water, fear of).
phoresis transmission-suffix diaphoresis(perspiration,transmission of sweat) The patient in shock was experiencing severe diaphoresis (perspiration, transmission of sweat).
plasty plastic surgical correction-Suffix orthoplasty(surgical straightening) An orthoplasty (surgical straightening) specialist was called in for the car accident victim
plegia paralysis,stroke-Suffix paraplegia(paralysis from the waist down) The accident victim became a paraplegic (paralysis from the waist down).
poly many-Prefix or Suffix polyarthritis(arthritis in numerous joints) The patient's polyarthritis (arthritis in numerous joints) was so severe that he could not move without experiencing severe paralgia.
post after-Prefix or Suffix postmortem(after death) Postmortem (after death) procedures were provided immediately after the patient died.
pre before-Prefix properative,pre-op(before surgery) Pre-op (before surgery) care was performed early in the morning.
pro in front of,on behalf of-Prefix proglosis(tip of the tongue) The patient had developed a canker sore on the proglossis (mucous membrane at the tip of the tongue).
pseudo false-Prefix pseudodipsia(false thrist) The patient developed a pseudodipsia (false thirst) as a result of his psychosis.
ptosis falling-Suffix mastoptosis(sagging of the breast) The doctor indicated that the mastoptosis (sagging of the breast) was also known as Cooper's Droop.
re back,again-Prefix reflex(flex response to stimulation) The child's reflex (flex response to stimulation) was normal in response to noxious stimuli.
retro backward-Prefix retroflexed(bent backward,posterior) The body was found in a retroflexed (bent backward, posterior) position.
rrhaphy suture-Suffix cardiorrhaphy(suturing of the heart) The heart surgeon performed a cardiorrhaphy (suturing of the heart) on the patient who required a mitral valve replacement.
rhexis rupture-Suffix angiorrhexis(ruptured blood vessel) The patient had an angiorrhexis (ruptured blood vessel) event due to his abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, pronounced "triple A").
scopy exam-Suffix bronchoscop(bronchus exam) The pulmonologist performed a bronchoscopy (bronchus exam) on the patient with pneumonia.
semi half-Prefix semicomatose(half-conscious) The assaulted patient was semicomatose (half-conscious) when the police found him.
sphygmo pulse-Prefix sphymomanometer(pulse meter) The nurse used a sphygmomanometer (pulse meter) to measure the patient's blood pressure.
sub below-Prefix sublingual-Prefix The nitro tab for chest pain needed to be given to the patient sublingually (under the tongue).
super,supra above-Prefix superacute(highly severe) The appendix was superacute (highly severe) and required immediate surgery.
sym,syn together-Prefix or Suffix symbiotic(dependent on one another) The husband and wife had developed a symbiotic (dependent on one another) relationship.
tachy swift,fast-Prefix tachycardia(rapid heart rate) The doctor was worried that the patient's condition might result in ventricular tachycardia (rapid ventricular heart rate).
tele distance-Prefix telemetry(distance signal monitor interpretation) The patient's telemetry (distance signal monitor interpretation) is recording a lot of artifact. Note: Telemetry is an electrical recording of waves from the body.
toxo toxic,poison-Prefix or Suffix toxicoderma(skin disease caused by poison) The poison ivy left the young boy with a severe case of toxicoderma (skin disease caused by poison).
trans across-Prefix transfusion(transfer of blood into an individual) The anemic patient required a blood transfusion (transfer of blood into an individual).
tri three-Prefix tricuspid(three cusps) The dentist would not work on the patient's tricuspid (upper third of the second molar tooth) because he had just had his tricuspid valve (valve in the heart between the upper and lower chambers) repaired.
ultra above-Prefix ultrasonic(high frequency electromagnetic light rays) The physical therapist used ultrasonic (high frequency sound) treatments on the patient with the lower back injury.
uni one-Prefix uniocular(having one working eye) The burns to the face left the patient with uniocular (having one working eye) vision.
xeno foreign-Prefix xenograft(a graft from one species to another) The burn patient's dressings were changed from allograft (skin harvested from a cadaver) to a xenograft (skin harvested from a pig).
xero dry-Prefix xerochilia(dry lips) The ice-skater applied some Chapstick to her xerochilia (dry lips).
Created by: selonimes