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Lists for Final Exam

possible lists that might turn up on the final exam

5 types of Infectious organisms BACTERIA – single-celled organisms VIRUSES – subcellular – smallest disease-causing organisms PROTOZOA – complex 1-celled animal PRIONS – infectious proteins FUNGI
Restraints (3 types) *Wrist and ankle bands (fastened to the stretcher) *Chest restraint (tied in back) *Head restraints
Four factors involved in the spread of disease 1. Infectious organism 2. Reservoir of infection 3. Susceptible host 4. Means of transporting the organism**
3 Conditions needed for a reservoir of infection: ~Moisture ~Nutrients ~Suitable temperature (warm)
3 possible reservoirs of infection: ~Human body ~Contaminated food or water ~Any damp, warm, unclean place
3 components needed for a fire: Flammable substance Oxygen Heat
4 Most common causes of hospital fires: Spontaneous combustion Open flames Smokers Electrical failures
Patient transfers— 5 simple rules: 1)Provide a broad base of support 2)Work at a comfortable level 3)When lifting, bend knees and keep back straight 4)Keep load balanced & close to you 5)Roll or push heavy objects.
5 Common body positions: Recumbent Supine Prone Fowler’s Trendelenburg
5 INDIRECT means of disease transmission Fomites Vector Airborne contamination Vehicle Droplet contamination
3 Principles of SDMS Code of Ethics: To promote: patient well-being competent practice professional integrity/public trust
7 Aspects of Professional interaction: *Respect *Compassion *Vocabulary *Body language *Appearance (cleanliness) *Education (CME’s) *Professional organizations
3 ETHICAL SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT • Consequentialism • Deontology • Virtue Ethics
2 exceptions to informed consent: 1. Emergency situations ~Patient unconscious ~Unable to give consent ~Patient in life-threatening situation 2. Therapeutic privilege ~Patient cannot emotionally handle the information ~Information would lead to further harm
7 Procedures requiring informed consent: Centesis (Thora-, Para-, Amnio-) Fine needle aspirations Biopsies Mammotome Sonohystography TEE Contrast/bubble studies
7 Components of customer service in healthcare:  Compassion  Patient comfort  Professionalism  Patience  Good communication  Competence  Timeliness
8 Procedures requiring sterile technique:  Catheterization  Lumbar punctures  Chemotherapy injections  Hickman catheter injections/withdraws  Renal dialysis  Biopsies  Thoracentesis/paracentesis  Amniocentesis
Created by: lefut