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Drug Class/treatment

Drug class and its treatments

QuestionAnswer
cardioglycosides treat conjestive heart failure and some arrythmias by increasing the force of heart contractions
nitrates treat angina by increasing the blood flow to the heart through vasodiolation (relaxing and widening) of coronary arteries
diuretics treat mild hypertension and fluid retention by increasing urinary excretion of sodium and water
beta blockers treat hypertension by lowering blood pressure by decreasing cardic output and slowing heart rate
angiotension converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) treat hypertension by stopping the body from converting angiotension I to angiotension II. If angiotension II is allowed to circulate in body it will cause vasoconstriction.
calcium channel blockers treat hypertension by blocking the influx of calcium into the blood vessels and heart muscle allowing them to dialate and become more elastic
Alpha-adrenergic agents (Alpha blockers) treat hypertension by working in the CNS (central nervous system) or brain to lower BP by blocking alpha 1 adrenergic receptors
brochodilators treat asthma, COPD or emphysema by blocking beta receptors causing dialation of the bronchial tubes
respiratory steriods or cortosteriods treat asthma, COPD or emphysema by stopping hyper-reactivity of airway muscle spasms
anti-diarrheal treat diarrhea by acting as an absorbent or slowing down the movements of the intestine
anti-constipation treat constipation by high fiber, emmulsification, wetting or stimulant laxatives
anti-histamine or antiemitic treat nausea, vomiting or motion sickness by blocking histamine or h1 receptors and muscarinic or m1 receptors
antacid treat heartburn or indegestion by neutralizing acid that is pumped into the stomach following a meal
histamine 2 blockers treat heartburn, GERD by blocking histamine 2 or h2 which caused a reduction in the production of stomach acid
proton pump inhibitors treat heartburn, reflux or GERD by blocking or stopping almost 100% of stomach acid production
Created by: rpusbach on 2010-02-09



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