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Chapter 5 Med Trans


abnormal dilation of a blood vessel aneurysm
blister or bleb bulla/bullea
measure of the loudness of sound decibel
decibel was named after Alexander Graham Bell
fluid medium contained in inner ear endolymph
measure of frequency of a vibration, particularly one producing sound hertz
a hertz is equivalent to one cycle/double vibration per second
sounds ranging in pitch from 20-20,000 hertz can be detected by the human ear
plugging of an orifice w/dense mass of some material impaction
contains vocal cords & situated between laryngopharynx and trachea larynx
vague sense of being unwell malaise
rhythmic, involuntary, jerky movements of both eyes, usually from side to side nystagmus
instrument that directs a light into ear through conical speculum, and is equipped w/magnifying lens. otoscope
containing or consisting of pus purulent
inflammation of nasal mucous membrane rhinitis
instrument for examining interior of nose rhinoscope
one producing a thin, watery secretion, not containing mucous serous gland
instrument for inspecting a body cavity/orifice, often equipped w/light source, magnifying lens, or both speculum
abnormal narrowing of passage or vessel stenosis
temporalmandibular joint TMJ
referring to a medicine applies directly to skin or mucous membrane topical
attempt at forced expiration, w/lips & nostrils closed; drives air into auditory tubes unless they are obstructed Valsalva maneuver
medicine that constricts blood vessels, either when applied topically or through systemic action vasoconstrictor
precise measurement of faintest loudness that subject can hear, each ear tested separately at each of several pitches. audiography
removal for pathological exam of masses/lesions suspected of being malignant biopsy
surgical placement of tiny tubes in eardrum to prevent chronic ear infections collar button (ventilation) tubes
with a focused light, often with the aid of a tongue depressor to press tongue out of field of vision inspection of throat
inspection of external auditory meatus & tympanic membrane w/otoscope otoscopy
application of the fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body for the purpose of determining the condition of the parts beneath in physical diagnosis palpation
assessment of mobility of tympanic membrane by applying pressure to its outer surface w/device fitting tightly in external meatus pneumotympanometry
inspection of posterior nares w/angled mirror placed in oropharynx posterior rhinoscopy
surgical correction of nasal deformities for functional or cosmetic purposes rhinoplasty
sound of vibrating tuning fork positioned so that tines are near pinna Rhine test
during the Rhine Test, air conduction should be heard, by subject, even after sound sensed when shank of tuning fork placed on mastoid process behind hear can no longer be heard
when bone conduction is heard longer than air conduction, in an ear with reduced hearing the hearing loss is due to obstruction of meatus or disease of middle ear
surgical removal of palatine tonsils & adenoids in throat due to recurrent episodes of infection & chronic hypertrophy tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy (T&A)
puncture of tympanic membrane & withdrawal of fluid from middle ear for exam, including culture tympanocentesis
vibrating tuning fork placed against bony surface of head, at midline, sending vibrations through bones of skull Weber test
during the Weber test, if there is hearing loss due to blockage of external auditory meatus or injury/disease of middle ear, the tone of the fork will be heard louder in affected ear
during the Weber test, if hearing loss is due to damage to inner ear/acoustic nerve, the tone will be heard louder in the more normal ear
xrays are used for the upper respiratory system in order to identify foreign bodies, masses, or abnormalities of airways due to injury/disease
test to detect & measure antistreptolysin O in serum; value measured in Todd units ASO titer
antibody is present during/shortly after streptococcal infections antistreptolysin O
exam of stained smear of scrapings from nasal mucosa for evidence of infection or allergy nasal smear
neutrophilic leukocytes are present in a nasal smear when there is an infection
eosinophilic leukocytes are present in a nasal smear when there is an allergy
fast than a culture, but only detects hemolytic streptococci strep screen
used to identify bacterial pathogens throat culture