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HPR 112

Ch 2 Review

OSHA's concern is for the _________. Worker
__________________ are pathogenic microorganisms that are present in blood and can cause disease. blood-borne pathogens
CDC stands for what? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Presence of blood or infectious material found on an item or surface means these are what? Contaminated
The use of physical or chemical means to destroy blood-borne pathogens on a surface to the point where they are no longer able to transmit infectious particles is called? Decontamination
Items such as sharps disposal containers and self-sheathing needles are examples of what? Engineering controls
HICPAC stands for Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee.
HBV Hepatitis B Virus
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HCV Hepatitis C Virus
JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
NCCLS National Committee for Clinical Laboratories standards
Federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related disease and injury. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Federal agency that develops and promotes occupational safety and health standards, develops and issues regulations, conducts investigations/inspections, issues citations & penalties for noncompliance with safety and heatlh standards and regulations. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Specialized clothing or equipment worn by an employee for protections against hazard. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
An object that can penetrate the skin, such as needles, scalpels, broken glass, broken capillary tubes or lancets are considered _________. Sharps
The use of physical or chemical procedure to destroy all microbial life is called? Sterilize
The approach to infection control that considers all human blood and certain body fluids as infectious and handles them as such is called. Universal body substance precautions
OSHA was established as a result of what? The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
_____________ is an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services. CDC
Pathogens may enter the phlebotomist’s body through Contamination from patient’s body fluids in open cuts or abrasions or transfer of patient’s body fluids into mucous membranes or eyes.
The universal body substance precautions system is “interaction-driven” means That the phlebotomist must assume that all blood and body fluids of all patients are potentially infectious
OSHA has developed five major tactics to reduce risk of exposure to blood-borne pathogens. They are Engineering controls, Work practices, Personal protective equipment, Housekeeping, Hepatitis B vaccination
___________ has been identified as the single most important means of preventing the spread of infection. Hand washing
If needles must be recapped, the appropriate method of recapping is? One-handed recapping method
Gloves, Masks, Gowns/Lab coats, Face shields, Goggles are examples of what? Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Phlebotomists must wear gloves when? There is a potential for them to come in contact with blood, potentially infectious material, mucous membranes, or non-intact skin
Name one duty that phlebotomists may perform that can cause a chemical burn. While the phlebotomist is using cleaning products
Name two electrical safety precautions a phlebotomists can take. Avoid using extension cords and do not overload electrical circuits
Name two areas where a phlebotomist may come in contact with radiation hazard. When collecting specimen from patients who have had radioactive treatments. When transporting specimens from patients who are being treated in the radiology department with radioactive agent
___________ should provide a barrier between the needle and hand after the venipuncture is completed. Self-sheathing needle
Self-sheathing needles, vented safety hoods (bio-safety cabinets, autoclaves, hard plastic specimen disposal units (sharps containers), and specimen collection tubes are examples of what? Engineering Controls
_____________ should be transported in sealed plastic bags and the requisitions should not be placed in the bag with them. Specimen containers
___________ has been identified as the single most important mean of preventing the spread of nosocomial infections. Hand washing
___________ are the most frequently used form of PPE. Gloves
This must be made free of charge to every healthcare worker who may be exposed to blood or bodily fluids. Hepatitis B vaccine
_________ is never added to acid. Water
In the event of a chemical splash or spill, the employee should know the location of __________ and ___________. Safety showers and eye-wash stations
Radiations exposure depends on __________, __________, ___________, and _______________. Amount, distance from source, length of time, PPE worn.
What steps should be taken when dealing with a blood spill. Dispose of sharps in sharps container, absorb blood, wipe area, clean with appropriate strength approved cleaner,rinse area with clean gauze/rag soaked in water, dispose of all materials in appropriate biohazard container, use wet floor signs if needed.
5 steps to treat an accidental needle-stick incident. make situation safe, cover needle, induce bleeding of puncture site, - milk it, scrubs hands with soap/water, obtain patient name, complete incident report, notify supervisor.
Created by: kbcanarr